. Taipei, officially known as Taipei City, is the capital city and a special municipality of Taiwan.Situated at the northern tip of Taiwan, Taipei City is an enclave of the municipality of New Taipei.It is about 25 km (16 mi) southwest of northern port city Keelung.The city locates on the Taipei Basin, an ancient lakebed bounded by the two relatively narrow valleys of the Keelung and Xindian rivers, which join to form the Tamsui River along the city western border.The city proper is home to an estimated population of 2,693,672 in 2009, forming the core part of the Taipei Keelung metropolitan area which includes the nearby cities of New Taipei and Keelung with a population of 6,900,273, the 40th most populous urban area in the world.The term Taipei can be either referred to the whole metropolitan area or city proper itself.In political terms, Taipei can occasionally be used as a synecdoche regarding the sovereignty of Taiwan.Due to the ongoing controversial political status of Taiwan, a designated name Chinese Taipei is in common use when Taiwanese governmental representatives or national teams participate in some international organizations (which may required an UN statehood) in order to avoid extensive political effects by using other names.
Chiang Kai shek Memorial Hall
. The National Chiang Kai shek Memorial Hall is a Taiwanese national monument, landmark and tourist attraction erected in memory of Chiang Kai shek, former President of the Republic of China.It is located in Zhongzheng District, Taipei, Republic of China (ROC).The monument, surrounded by a park, stands at the east end of Memorial Hall Square.The structure is framed on the north and south by the National Theater and National Concert Hall.
National Palace Museum
. The National Palace Museum is an antique museum in Shilin, Taipei, Republic of China.It is one of the national museums in the island nation of the Republic of China (Taiwan), and has a permanent collection of more than 696,000 pieces of ancient Chinese imperial artifacts and artworks, making it one of the largest in the world.The collection encompasses over 10,000 years of Chinese history from the Neolithic age to the late Qing Dynasty.Most of the collection are high quality pieces collected by China ancient emperors.The National Palace Museum and the Palace Museum in the Forbidden City in Beijing, People Republic of China (PRC), share the same roots.They split in two as a result of the Chinese Civil War which divided China into the two regions of the Republic of China (Taiwan) and the People Republic of China (PRC).In English, the institution in Taipei is distinguished from the one in Beijing by the additional National designation.In common usage in Chinese, the institution in Taipei is known as the Taipei Gugong, while that in Beijing is known as the Beijing Gugong
Mengjia Longshan Temple
. Mengjia Longshan Temple is a temple in Wanhua District, Taipei, Taiwan.The temple was built in Taipei in 1738 by settlers from Fujian, China.It served as a place of worship and a gathering place for the Chinese settlers.The temple has been destroyed either in full or in part on numerous earthquakes and fires.During World War II, on 31 May 1945 it was hit by American bombers during the Raid on Taipei, who reported that the Japanese were hiding armaments inside.The main building and the left corridor were damaged and many precious artifacts and artworks were lost.Taipei residents have consistently rebuilt and renovated it, and did so again after the end of the Second World War a few months later.Longshan is seen as an emblematic example of Taiwanese classical architecture, with southern Chinese influences commonly seen in older buildings.
. Taipei 101, formerly known as the Taipei World Financial Center, is a landmark supertall skyscraper in Xinyi District, Taipei, Taiwan.The building was officially classified as the world tallest in 2004, and remained such until the opening of Burj Khalifa in Dubai in 2010.In July 2011, the building was awarded the LEED Platinum certification, the highest award according the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) rating system, and became the tallest and largest green building in the world.Taipei 101 was designed by C.Y.Lee & partners and constructed primarily by KTRT Joint Venture. The construction started in 1999 and finished in 2004.The tower has served as an icon of modern Taiwan ever since its opening.Fireworks launched from Taipei 101 feature prominently in international New Year Eve broadcasts and the structure appears frequently in travel literature and international media.
. Taipei Zoo was founded in 1914, when Taiwan was under Japanese sovereignty, in Yuanshan Mountain (Maruyama) on the northern suburb of Taipei City.It was originally a private zoological garden owned by a Japanese citizen, Mr Oe.The Japanese government in Taiwan bought the property the following year and opened it as a public park.After World War II, the Republic of China (ROC) retreated to Taiwan and the ownership of the park was passed to the Taipei city government of ROC.An Asian elephant named Lin Wang that served with the Chinese Expeditionary Force during the Second Sino Japanese War (1937 1945) and later relocated to Taiwan with the Kuomintang forces was moved to the zoo, and lived out most of his life and was the most popular animal at the zoo, and the most famous animal in Taiwan.Many adults and children alike affectionately called the bull elephant Grandpa Lin Wang.Due to a need for expansion and for better conditions for the animals, the zoo was moved to its current site in Muzha on the southeastern suburb of Taipei City in 1986.It is, therefore, sometimes referred to as the Muzha Zoo to be distinguished from the former Yuan shan Zoo .The current site encloses 165 hectares, including 90 hectares open to the public.
Sun Yat sen Memorial Hall
. The National Sun Yat sen Memorial Hall is located in Taipei, Taiwan.It is a memorial to the Republic of China National Father, Dr.Sun Yat sen, and was completed on 1972.The total building area covers 29,464 square metres (7.3 acres) in an open space of 115,000 square metres (28.4 acres).It contains displays of Sun life and the revolution he led, and is also a multi purpose social, educational and cultural center for the public.
Taipei Fine Arts Museum
. The Taipei Fine Arts Museum is a museum in Taipei Expo Park, Zhongshan District, Taipei, Taiwan.The museum first opened on 8 August 1983 at the former site of the United States Taiwan Defense Command (USTDC, dissolved in 1979).It was the first purpose built museum in Taiwan to host modern and contemporary art exhibitions.The architecture is a local adaption of the Japanese Metabolist Movement.
Lin Family Mansion and Garden
. The Lin Ben Yuan Family Mansion and Garden in Banqiao District, New Taipei City, Taiwan was a residence built by the Lin Ben Yuan Family.It is Taiwan most complete surviving example of traditional Chinese garden architecture.The Lin Family Mansion and Garden along with the Tainan Wu Garden, Hsinchu Beiguo Garden, and Wufeng Lin Family Mansion and Garden are collectively known as the Four Great Gardens of Taiwan.This residence can be traced back to 1847, at the time a rent house for the Lin Ben Yuan family in the north.It was later expanded by the brothers Lin Guohua and Lin Guofang , becoming the residence of the Lin Ben Yuan family.Currently, the Lin Family Mansion and Garden is under the joint responsibility of the Executive Yuan Cultural Construction Committee, Ministry of the Interior, Ministry of Transportation and Communications Tourism Bureau, Taiwan Provincial Government, and the New Taipei City government for protection and restoration work, who have additionally designated it as a Class 2 Historical Site.
Chinese Culture and Movie Center
. The Chinese Culture and Movie Center is a former movie studio and tourist attraction located in the Shilin District of Taipei, Taiwan.It is owned by the Republic of China Central Motion Pictures Company.In its early period, it functioned as a film and TV drama filming location and studio.After the Republic of China government lifted martial law, many of the TV dramas and movies produced by the Center began filming in Hong Kong and mainland China.The Chinese Culture and Movie Center closed indefinitely in 2008.
Museum of Drinking Water
. The Museum of Drinking Water is a museum about drinking water in Zhongzheng District, Taipei, Taiwan.The museum is located at Taipei Water Park.The museum building was originally built in 1908.It was declared a third class historic site in 1993 and opened as museum for the first time in September the same year.In 1998, it shut down due to undergoing renovation.The museum was opened again on 30 April 2000 in an opening ceremony inaugurated by Taipei Mayor Ma Ying jeou.
National Revolutionary Martyr Shrine
. The National Revolutionary Martyr Shrine is a shrine in Zhongshan District, Taipei, Taiwan, dedicated to the war dead of the Republic of China.Built on Chingshan Mountain and overseeing the Keelung River in Taipei Zhongshan District in 1969, the Martyrs Shrine recalls the architecture of the Hall of Supreme Harmony in Beijing Forbidden City.The structure houses the spirit tablets of about 390,000 persons killed, among other engagements, during the Xinhai Revolution, Northern Expedition, Second Sino Japanese War, Chinese Civil War, and the First and Second Taiwan Strait Crises.A changing of the honor guard from the various branches of the Republic of China Military, similar to the rituals at the Sun Yat sen Memorial Hall and Chiang Kai shek Memorial Hall, take place at the shrine.
National Theater and Concert Hall
. The National Theater and National Concert Hall are twin performing arts venues at Liberty Square in Zhongzheng District, Taipei, Taiwan.Completed in 1987, the landmarks stand on the south and north sides of the square with Chiang Kai shek Memorial Hall to the east.Together the venues are referred to by the abbreviation NTCH.The square itself sits near Ketagalan Boulevard, site of the Presidential Office Building, the National Central Library, the National Taiwan Museum, and the 228 Peace Memorial Park.
Shin Kong Life Tower
. Shin Kong Life Tower is the third tallest building in Taiwan at 51 storeys 244.76 metres (803.0 ft).The rose coloured skyscraper topped by a pyramid stands in Zhongzheng District, Taipei.Its first twelve floors and two underground floors house a Shin Kong Mitsukoshi Department Store the remaining floors provide office space and serve as headquarters for the Shin Kong Life Insurance Company.The tower stands across Zhongxiao Road from Taipei Main Station near the Asiaworld Department Store.The Shin Kong Life Tower was Taiwan tallest building when it opened in 1993.In 1997 it was surpassed by the Tuntex 85 Sky Tower in the city of Kaohsiung.Both were overtaken in height by Taipei 101 in 2004.
Presidential Office Building
. The Presidential Office Building houses the Office of the President of the Republic of China.The building, located in the Zhongzheng District in the national capital of Taipei, Republic of China, was designed by architect Uheiji Nagano during the period of Japanese rule of Taiwan (1895 1945).The structure originally housed the Office of the Governor General of Taiwan.Damaged in Allied bombing during World War II, the building was restored after the war by Chen Yi, the Governor General of the Taiwan province.It became the Presidential Office in 1950 after the Republic of China lost control of mainland China and relocated the nation capital to Taipei City at the end of the Chinese Civil War.
Guling Street Avant garde Theatre
. The Guling Street Avant garde Theatre is located in Zhongzheng District of Taipei, Taiwan.It was constructed in 1906 to serve as a police station under the Japanese occupation of Taiwan.In 2002, a small theatre was opened and has hosted more than 8,000 guests.
Chi Nan Temple
. Chi Nan Temple is a Taoist temple on the slopes of Houshan in Muzha, a suburb of Taipei, Taiwan.It was founded in 1882.The temple main deity is Lu Dongbin, one of the Eight Immortals.As Lu is said to dwell in the southern courtyard of the heavenly court, the temple acts as a compass pointing toward the south hence the name.
Red House Theater
. The Red Chamber Theater, often called the Red Theater or Red Play House in English, is a historic theater in the Ximending, Wanhua District, Taipei, Taiwan.The theater is located at 10 Chengdu Road.
Walls of Taipei
. The Taipei City Walls were established in 1884.In 1875 the Qing Dynasty established Taipeh Prefecture.Shortly thereafter, the Taipeh Prefect Chen Xing ju ordered the foundation of a new prefectural capital, with enclosing wall in 1879.However the soil proved too soft to support so heavy a structure, and the project was halted.Subsequently, governor of Fujian Cen Yu ying and Taiwan magistrate Liu Ao undertook successive surveys to determine the proper location of the wall foundations.Craftsmen were recruited for the construction in 1882, and the wall was completed in 1884.
Discovery Center of Taipei
. The Discovery Center of Taipei is an educational center in Xinyi District, Taipei, Taiwan.The center is located at Taipei City Hall.
. Yangmingshan National Park is one of the nine national parks in Taiwan, located between Taipei City and New Taipei City.The districts that house parts of the park grounds include Taipei Beitou and Shilin Districts and New Taipei Wanli, Jinshan and Sanzhi Districts.During the Japanese occupation of Taiwan, it was known as Datun National Park.The National Park is famous for its cherry blossoms, hot springs, sulfur deposits, fumaroles, venomous snakes, and hiking trails, including Taiwan tallest dormant volcano, Seven Star Mountain.
Daan Forest Park
. Daan Forest Park or Daan Park is a public park located near the centre of the Daan District of Taipei, Taiwan.The park occupies twenty six hectares and is bordered on its North, South, East and West by Xinyi Road, Heping Road, Jianguo Road and Xinsheng Road,respectively.The park is used by residents of Taipei as a green activity space and for various outdoor activities.The park was created in 1994 after the eviction of longtime squatters and the demolition of illegal buildings on municipal land, not by mayor Chen Shui bian, as is often cited, but by his predecessor, Huang Ta chou.
National Taiwan Science Education Center
. The National Taiwan Science Education Center is an educational center in Shilin District, Taipei, Taiwan.The mission of the center is to promote the teaching of applied science throughout Taiwan.
. Dihua Street is a street located in the Dadaocheng area of Datong District, Taipei, Taiwan winding from the south of the district to close to the north in the old village of Dalongdong, was constructed during the 1850s, when many commercial entities belonging to Quanzhou originating owners moved in from the nearby village of Bangka.Since then and throughout the rest of the 19th century, Dihua Street has been an important centre for commerce in Taiwanese products and produce such as Chinese medicinal herbs, fabrics, incense materials, and for the post processing of Taiwanese tea.
. Maokong is located in Wenshan District of Taipei, Taiwan.The area used to be the biggest tea growing area of Taipei.There are many intertwining footpaths which have been used to transport tea.Now, it is a popular place for tea culture and viewing the night scenery of Taipei City.The name comes from ji?u khang in Taiwanese Hokkien, which means crease aperture and refers to pothole formations.During Japanese rule it was changed to the similar sounding Maokong.Maokong is a suburb of Taipei.It sits on the edge of Taipei Basin the entire city of Taipei can be seen from the mountain, especially on a cloudless day.