Rio de Janeiro
1. Rio de Janeiro, commonly referred to as simply Rio, is the capital city of the State of Rio de Janeiro, the second largest city of Brazil, and the third largest metropolitan area and agglomeration in South America. .....
2. Copacabana is a bairro located in the South Zone of the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is known for its 4 km balneario beach, which is one of the most famous in the world. Copacabana Almost immediately upon touching down in Rio de Janeiro, visitors are met with a general jubilance characteristic of mass gatherings.
The World Cup has brought almost 100,000 visitors to Brazils second largest city, creating a hive of activity and international pageantry.The epicenter of Rios football fanfare may well be the citys famed Copacabana beach, where tens of thousands of people flock to watch games shown on a massive screen. On game days, street performers from drummers to drag queens descend upon the area, drawing crowds of locals and tourists alike.

Even for those less passionate about the beautiful game, the Copacabana scene has much to offer with unrivaled people watching high on the list. Packs of fans clad in flags from almost every country imaginable, including those not participating in the tournament, roam the neighborhood displaying their colors in a peacock display. The range of nationalistic paraphernalia spans from intentionally absurd to endeavored style: Wigs, bodysuits, bikinis and faux flower hair wreathes prevail along the side streets surrounding the Copacabana beach.

When Brazil plays, a veritable Carnival atmosphere descends upon the area. If scattered yellow and green tackle are accepted dress on nongame days, many fans don elaborate Brazil themed ensembles when their team takes to the pitch.While crowds pour into cafes and restaurants throughout Copacabana to watch Brazil matches, its almost unnecessary to follow the game play. When Brazil scores, fans ignite fireworks and beat drums at a deafening pitch. A nervous lull in the fervor indicates a goal by the opposing side.Anti Fifa protesters periodically pass through under heavy police guard, donning signs decrying Fifas excess and social injustice in Brazil. A hodgepodge of feminists, anti-capitalists and LGBT rights groups pass through a crowded sea of yellow and green, with a dedicated press pack snapping pictures of the protest.But the spectacle is largely ignored by beachgoers who pass hours upon hours playing pick-up football on the sand. Others sip fresh coconut milk at nearby cafes, enjoying a reprieve, it seems, from the World Cup frenzy. Shoreside hawkers sell eye wateringly small bathing suits to both male and females strolling past. Locals set up courts at Copacabana Beach to play foot volley, an unlikely combination of football and volleyball as tourists gawk.While petty crime is a concern in any city, a conspicuous police presence inspires confidence in Copacabanas security. .....
Christ the Redeemer or Cristo Redentor
3. Christ the Redeemer is a statue of Jesus Christ in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; and was considered the largest Art Deco statue in the world from 1931 until 2010 when it was topped by the Christ the King statue in Poland.Address: Parque Nacional da Tijuca Alto da Boa Vista, Rio de Janeiro RJ, Brazil Christ the Redeemer, or Cristo Redentor in Portuguese, is a larger-than-life statue of Jesus Christ with his arms outstretched, a symbol of peace that stands almost 40 meters high. The statue is perched above Rio de Janeiro, on the 700-meter high Corcovado mountain. It offers spectacular views of downtown Rio de Janeiro, the bay, Sugarloaf Mountain, Copacabana beach, and Ipanema Beach.The statue of Jesus with his open arms seems to welcome the visitors. The space between his arms from fingertip to fingertip is 28 meters. There is a small chapel located in the base of the statue. The chapel has the capacity to accommodate around 150 people.The Christ the Redeemer statue was inaugurated on the day of Our Lady of Aparecida, October 12, 1931, by then President of Brazil, Getulio Vargas and Cardinal Dom Sebastiao Leme.

The Brazilian architect and the engineer in charge of the construction, named Heitor da Silva Costa is accredited for the original design of the monument. The French sculptor Paul Landowski helped him in building the statue. Made of concrete and soapstone, the statue has required.major maintenance after being struck by lightning and being defaced in recent history. As part of renovations to the site, elevators have been built so visitors can access the statue without climbing up the 220 steps. .....
4. Corcovado mountain lies to the west of the city centre and towers over Rio de Janeiro at an impressive 710-meters (2,329 ft). The name in Portuguese translates as hunchback and its one of Rio s most famous icons and known worldwide for its iconic statue of Jesus that stands atop its peaks Cristo Redentor or Christ the Redeemer ?? with his arms stretched out as if embracing Rio.

The Corcovado is without a doubt Rio s most famous landmark and a visit to Christ the Redeemer is an absolute must on your vacation in Rio. Not only for the unrivalled views of Rio de Janeiro, but also for being one of the tallest and most impressive monuments in the world. The project began in 1824 with the construction of a train track to the mountain top and it wasnt until 1922 that the first stone of the Christ sculpture was placed, completed 9 years later, making it one of the most important engineering masterpieces of Brazil. In 2007, the Christ Redeemer statue was voted one of the new Seven Wonders of the Modern World along with other manmade structures such as the Great Wall of China and Machu Pichu in Peru.
A trip up Corcovado hill is the most popular Rio tourist activity, to see both the statue and enjoy the magnificent view of the bay and the city. To get the most out of your Rio sightseeing trip, be sure to choose a clear day.
The most popular attraction of Corcovado mountain is the statue and viewing platform at its peak, drawing over 300,000 visitors per year. From the peak s platform the panoramic view includes downtown Rio, Sugarloaf Mountain, the Lagoa Rodrigo de Freitas (lake), Copacabana and Ipanema beaches, Estdio do Maracan??? (Maracan??? Stadium), and several of Rio s favelas. Cloud cover is common in Rio and the view from the platform is often obscured. Sunny days are recommended for optimal viewing.
Notable past visitors to the mountain peak include Pope Pius XII, Pope John Paul II, Alberto SantosDumont, German Sueiro Vasquez, Albert Einstein, Diana, Princess of Wales, among others. An additional attraction of the mountain is rock climbing. The south face had 54 climbing routes in 1992. The easiest way starts from Park Lage.
The Corcovado is also a symbol of the Brazilian culture.

The peak and statue can be accessed via a narrow road or by the 3.8 kilometre (2.4 mi) Corcovado Rack Railway which was opened in 1884 and refurbished in 1980. The railway uses three electrically powered trains, with a passenger capacity of 540 passengers per hour. The rail trip takes approximately 20 minutes and departs every 20 minutes. Due to its limited passenger capacity, the wait to board at the entry station can take several hours. The year-round schedule is 8:30 to 18:30.From the train terminus and road, the observation deck at the foot of the statue is reached by 223 steps, or by elevators and escalators. Among the most popular year-round tourist attractions in Rio, the Corcovado railway, access roads, and statue platform are commonly crowded.The peak of Corcovado is a big granite dome, which describes a generally vertical rocky formation. It is claimed to be the highest such formation in Brazil, the second highest being Pedra Agulha, situated near to the town of Pancas in Esprito Santo. .....
Sugar Loaf Mountain
5. The name Sugarloaf was coined in the 16th century by the Portuguese during the heyday of sugar cane trade in Brazil. According to historian Vieira Fazenda, blocks of sugar were placed in conical molds made of clay to be transported on ships. The shape given by these molds was similar to the peak, hence the name.Pao de Acar in Portuguese or Sugar Loaf in English is a mountain located at the mouth of Guanabara Bay in Rio de Janeiro. Sugar loaf Mountain, which is an instantly recognisable part of Rio de Janeiros iconic landscape, towers at an impressive 396 metres (1.299ft) and lies amongst two other smaller hills the Morro da Babilnia and Morro da Urca .

The Sugar Loaf Mountain is one of several monolithic morros of granite and quartz that rise straight from the water s edge around Rio de Janeiro. The Sugar Loaf Mountain received its name due to its resemblance to the traditional shape of a loaf of refined sugar and its image along with the Bondinho (cable car) that connects it to the other two morros has become famous around the world.
The sublime view of Rio from the top of Sugar Loaf Mountain attracts thousands of visitors a year, most of them opting for the more convenient ascent by cable car, others however relying on ropes, climbing gear and plenty of perspiration to get to the top; Sugar Loaf Mountain is also hugely popular amongst rock climbers from all over the world who want to experience one of the largest urban climbing areas in the world with more than 270 climbing routes with varying levels of difficulty.
Visitors can get to the top taking a glass panelled cable car commonly known as the Bondinho do Pao de Acar. The Sugar Loaf cable car was the first cable system built in Brazil and the third in the whole world. For over a hundred years now, this glass panelled cable car has connected Praia Vermelha (Red Beach) in the neighbourhood of Urca with the Morro de Urca and Sugar Loaf Mountain by a route of 1400 meters, with a capacity of 65 passengers.

From Sugar Loaf Mountain you can truly enjoy a spectacular view of one of the most beautiful sights of the world especially if you arrive an hour before the sun goes down and watch a romantic sunset while Rio de Janeiros city lights are turned on.Visitors can watch rock climbers on Sugarloaf and the other two mountains in the area: Morro da Babilnia (Babylon Mountain), and Morro da Urca (Urca s Mountain). Together, they form one of the largest urban climbing areas in the world, with more than 270 routes, between 1 and 10 pitches long. Some routes on Sugarloaf are:Italianos, 5.10a, 2 pitches. Beautiful and well protected face climbing. It can be connected to other routes, in a total of 6 pitches to the top.Stop Chimney, 5.6, 7 pitches. A classic runout but easy chimney.Lagart???o, 5.11c, 7 pitches. The first two pitches are traditional climbing, the rest is bolted.Ibis, 5.10d A1, 10 pitches. Runout and committed. Some parties climb it in one day, sleeping on one of the ledges in the first half of the route. .....
Marina da Gl ria
6. Marina da Gl ria is a marina located in the neighbourhood of Gl Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. This venue will host the sailing events for the 2016 Summer Olympics within the Flamengo Park cluster, from 7 to 19 August 2016. and the 2016 Summer Paralympics. It also hosted the draw procedure for the Qualification for the 2014 FIFA World Cup.
Banhada pelas guas da Ba'a de Guanabara, a Marina da Gl ria um porto nutico do Rio de Janeiro que que faz parte do Parque Brigadeiro Eduardo Gomes, no Aterro do Flamengo.local muito procurado por esportistas e diversos turistas que visitam a cidade para passeios de barco, que podem ser marcados em agncias de turismo.

A marina ainda conta com um restaurante em seu interior, o Barracuda, especializado em peixes e frutos do mar, com um toque da culinria portuguesa. Dentro das instalaes, o local oferece servios de eletricidade, marcenaria, entre outros, e h lojas especializadas em materiais de produtos relacionados navegao, alm de cursos de vela, pesca e mergulho no tanque de 5m de profundidade.Alm dos servios nuticos, o local abriga dois pavilhes para realiza???o de eventos, feiras e festivais, e j foi palco de muitas festas como os Ensaios do Sapucapeta, Exaltasamba, Trinave, Rio Harley Days, feira de exibi de motos clssicas, apresenta????o do show Varekai, do Cirque du Soleil, e o megaevento de m??sica eletrnica Rio Music Conference.Football, Caipirinha, samba, Copacabana Beach, the Christ the Redeemer statue and the wild carnival Rio de Janeiro is famous for being vibrant, colourful and fun.

The Clipper Race will berth in the scenic Marina da Gl ria on Guanabara Bay.The area offers one of the most beautiful views of Corcovado and Sugar Loaf Mountains and will host the sailing competitions during the 2016 Rio Games.The port will conclude Leg 1 of the Clipper Race from London, creating a fitting link between the hosts of the 2012 and 2016 Olympic Games.The Marina is ten minutes from the Copacabana and Ipanema beaches where cycling, people watching and playing volleyball are all popular pastimes.For spectacular views looking down on Rio, take the small train up Corcovado Hill to the statue of Christ the Redeemer, or the cable car to the summit of Sugar Loaf Mountain.Rio has 19 bike rental stations distributed between Lagoa, Copacabana, Leme, Gvea, Ipanema and Leblon and cycling is a fun way to see the different neighbourhoods. .....
Pedra da Gvea
7. Pedra da Gvea is a mountain in Tijuca Forest, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Composed of granite and gneiss, its elevation is 844 metres (2,769 ft), making it one of the highest mountains in the world that ends directly in the ocean. Trails on the mountain were opened up by the local farming population in the early 1800s; today, the site is under the administration of the Tijuca National Park.The mountains name translates as Rock of the Topsail, and was given to it during the expedition of Captain Gaspar de Lemos, begun in 1501, and in which the Rio de Janeiro bay also received its name. The mountain, the first in Brazil to be named in Portuguese, was named by the expedition s sailors, who compared its silhouette to that of the shape of a topsail of a carrack upon sighting it on January 1, 1502. That name in turn came to be given to the Gvea area of the city of Rio de Janeiro.

Differential weathering on one side of the rock has created what is described as a stylized human face. Markings on another face of the rock have been described as an inscription. Some scholars, including Brazilian archaeologist Bernardo de Azevedo da Silva Ramos, have advanced the position that the inscription is of Phoenician origin and possibly proof of pre-Columbian contact from Old World cultures. Alternative theories proposed include that the rock was the site of a Viking colony or that it is connected with suspected UFO activity. Geologists and scientists are nearly in agreement that the inscription is the result of erosion and that the face is a product of pareidolia. No evidence has ever been collected that backs up the idea that Pedra da Gvea was discovered or crafted by Phoenicians or any other civilization. Furthermore, the consensus of archaeologists and scholars in Brazil is that the mountain should not be viewed as an archaeological site.

High atop a coastal mountain, this huge and largely unknown carving of an ancient face reminds explorers of the Sphinx in Egypt. Mysterious inscriptions give clues in an extinct language. Could this be a link to our forgotten past Between Sao Conrado and Barra da Tijuca, Rio de Janeiro, a legendary mountain with the face of an ancient giant rises 842 meters above the sea level. When Brazil was discovered, Portuguese explorers gave the rock the name of Gvea, because it was a perfect observatory for incoming Caravels . But Pedra da Gvea, an enormous rock surrounded by native, exuberant vegetation, has enticed the minds of both the public and historians over the centuries. Its face looks like a carved figure, and there are ancient inscriptions on one of its sides that couldn t possibly have been made by nature. The origins of those carvings have been discussed over the years, but no one can prove who made them and why. .....
8. The Frenchinspired Botanical Garden of Curitiba is one of the Brazilian citys most popular attractions, its colorful flowers, ponds, paths, and art nouveau greenhouse creating a sweet-smelling fairyland. After a floral stroll, continue to explore Curitubas lovely landscapes at Parque Estadual de Vila Velha and Parque Tangu.Visit the Museu Oscar Niemeyer,The French inspired Botanical Garden of Curitiba is one of the Brazilian citys most popular attractions,its colorful flowers, ponds, paths, and art nouveau greenhouse creating a sweet smelling fairyland. After a floral stroll, continue to explore Curitubas lovely landscapes at Parque Estadual de Vila Velha and Parque Tangu.

Visit the Museu Oscar Niemeyer, a celebration of the architects bold, abstract works, then enjoy a performance at the marvelouspera de Arame, built to look like its fashioned out of wire.Curitiba is an important cultural, political, and economic center in Latin America.The city sits on a plateau at 932 metres (3,058 ft) above sea level. It is located 105 kilometres (65 mi) west of the seaport of Paranagu??? and is served by the Afonso Pena International and Bacacheri airports. The city hosts the Federal University of Paran???, established in 1912.In the 1700s Curitiba possessed a favorable location between cattle-breeding country and marketplaces, leading to a successful cattle trade and the city s first major expansion. Later, between 1850 and 1950, it grew due to logging and agricultural expansion in the Paran??? State . In the 1850s waves of European immigrants arrived in Curitiba, mainly Germans, Italians, Poles and Ukrainians, contributing to the city s economic and cultural development.Nowadays, only smaller numbers of foreign immigrants arrive, primarily from Middle Eastern and other Latin American countries.

The biggest expansion occurred after the 1950s, with innovative urban planning that changed the population size from some hundreds of thousands to more than a million people.Curitiba s economy is based on industry and services and is the fourth largest in Brazil.Economic growth occurred in parallel to a substantial inward flow of Brazilians from other cities of the country, as approximately half of the city s population was not born there.Curitiba sports one of Brazil s highest Human Development Index readings at 0.856, and in 2010 was awarded the Global Sustainable City Award, given to cities and municipalities that excel in sustainable urban development.According to US magazine Reader s Digest, Curitiba is the best Latin American Big City in which to live. .....
Florian Polis
9. Florian polis is the capital city and second largest city of Santa Catarina state in the Southern region of Brazil. It is composed of one main island, the Island of Santa Catarina , a continental part and the surrounding small islands. It has a population of 421,203, according to the 2001 Brazilian census, the second most populous city in the state , and the 47th in Brazil. The metropolitan area has an estimated population of 1,096,476, the 21st largest in the country. The city is known for having a very high quality of life, being the Brazilian capital city with the highest Human Development Index score (0.905). The economy of Florian polis is heavily based on information technology, tourism and services.The city has 42 beaches and is a center of surfing activity. The New York Times reported that Florianopolis is the Party Destination of the Year in 2009.

Newsweek placed Florian polis in the Ten most dynamic cities of the world list in 2006.Veja, a Brazilian publication, named the city as the best place to live in Brazil. As a result of this exposure, Florian polis is growing as a second home destination for many Paulistas, Argentines, North Americans, and Europeans.Most of the population lives on the mainland and on the island s central and northern parts. The southern half is less inhabited. Many small commercial fishermen populate the island. The fishing boats, the lacemakers, the folklore, the cuisine and the colonial architecture contribute to the growing tourism and attracts resources that compensate for the lack of any large industry. Villages immersed in tradition and history, such as Santo Ant?nio de Lisboa and Ribeir???o da Ilha still resist the advances of modernity.The Herc???lio Luz International Airport serves the city. Florian polis is home to the Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina . There are also the Santa Catarina Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology , and two campuses of the Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina , amongst other institutions of higher and professional education. .....
10. Salvador (Saviour,often colloquially Salvador da Bahia, Brazilian Portuguese historic name Sao Salvador da Bahia de Todos os Santos, in English City of the Holy Saviour of the Bay of all Saints)is the largest city and third largest urban agglomeration on the northeast coast of Brazil, and Capital of Northeastern Brazilian state of Bahia.Salvador is also known as Brazils capital of happiness due to its countless popular outdoor parties, including its street carnival.The city has the largest carnival of the World.

The first colonial capital of Brazil, the city is one of the oldest in the Americas.For a long time, it was simply known as Bahia, and appears under that name ,on many maps and books from before the mid 20th century. Salvador is the third most populous Brazilian city, after Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. The metropolitan area of the city, with 3.5 million people, however, is the eighth most populous Brazilian urban agglomeration, and the third in Northeastern Brazil.The city of Salvador is notable in Brazil for its cuisine, music and architecture, and its metropolitan area is the wealthiest in Brazil s Northeast. The African influence in many cultural aspects of the city makes it the centre of Afro-Brazilian culture. This reflects a situation in which African-associated cultural practices are celebrated.

The Historic Centre of Salvador, frequently called the Pelourinho , is renowned for its Portuguese colonial architecture with historical monuments dating from the 17th to the 19th centuries and was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985.Salvador is located on a small, roughly triangular peninsula that separates All Saints Bay from the open waters of the Atlantic Ocean. The bay, which gets its name from having been discovered on All Saints Day forms a natural harbor. Salvador is a major export port, lying at the heart of the Recncavo Baiano, a rich agricultural and industrial region encompassing the northern portion of coastal Bahia.A particularly notable feature is the escarpment that divides Salvador into the Cidade Alta and the Cidade Baixa , the former some 85 m (279 ft) above the latter, with the city s cathedral and most administrative buildings standing on the higher ground. An elevator, known as Elevador Lacerda, has connected the two sections since 1873, having since undergone several upgrades.Salvador is home of the 3rd best beach of the World, Porto da Barra Beach, in Barra neighborhood, elected in 2007 by the British Newspaper The Guardian, and also is home of the Arena Fonte Nova, the city s stadium in the World Cup.The city hosted in 2010, an important international event, the Twelfth United Nations Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice. .....
San Jose Costa Rica
11. San Jose is the capital of Costa Rica, head of the province of San Jos, and the nation s largest city. Located in the Central Valley, San Jos is the seat of national government, the focal point of political and economic activity, and the major transportation hub of this Central American nation. The population of San Jos Canton is 288,054, though the metropolitan area stretches beyond the canton limits and comprises a third of the countrys population.Culturally, the city can be considered almost entirely European influenced, in part because of Spanish immigration soon after Costa Rica s discovery by Christopher Columbus, and the privileged classes which generally studied in Europe during the nineteenth century and early twentieth century.

This can be seen in the architecture of the city, namely theatres, museums and houses in the city centre. It is named in honor of Joseph of Nazareth.Though few people live in the city center, it is the most important working area of the country, which brings in more than a million people daily. Despite its problems, according to studies in Latin America, San Jos is still one of the safest and least violent cities in the region. In 2006 the city was appointed Ibero American Capital of Culture.San Jos is the sixth most important destination in Latin America, according to The MasterCard Global Destinations Cities Index 2012. San Jos ranked 15th in the worlds fastest growing destination cities by visitor cross border spending.Indeed, San Jos transitions from a commercial block of department stores, chic cafs, and fast-food establishments to the haphazard residential areas characteristic of Latin America in an instant. While the city is not by any means an ideal place to vacation, San Jos posses a certain charm, the result of being the nations cultural hub.The capital is home to numerous restaurants, museums, parks, and many other forms of diversion that are typical of large population centers.Another attractive characteristic of San Jos is its temperate weather, which can be quite a relief, particularly during the summer months. Because of its relatively high elevation 3,839 feet (1,170 m) the city, like the rest of the Central Valley, is always a pleasant temperature year round, with very limited showers.Population in San Jos exploded during the latter half of the twentieth century, following the Second World War.

Today 309,672 people 2000 estimate call the San Jos canton home and a million more live in surrounding suburbs, comprising about 40% of the nations total population. Historically San Jos was only a small village that came to prominence because its fertile soil made for excellent farming. Two years following independence from colonial Spain (1821), the joint Republican strongholds of San Jos and Alajuela defeated the pro Mexican Democrats of Heredia and Cartago the previous capital in a brief civil war that established San Jos as the capital of the burgeoning nation.The introduction of coffee to the Central Valley in the early nineteenth century fueled San Joss prosperity as the city embraced capitalism. An urban merchant class rose as the result of coffee trade, who looked to Europe as an architectural muse.
Because of its relatively late start in terms of development, San Jos is mostly devoid of antique colonial architecture and the typical stand out monuments found in other Latin American cities. Rarely is a building more than 100 years old. Instead plentiful circa World War II era buildings fill the citys skyline, eliciting a feeling that San Jos is still in its infancy a growing municipal center, that largely retains a small town vibe.The vast majority of visitors spend no more than a couple days here, before departing for the picturesque beaches and national parks that have defined Costa Rica as a premier tourist destination. The citys central location makes it ideal for traveling to such destinations, as well as its extensive transportation services buses leave to just about anywhere throughout the day, and Juan Santamar???a International Airport offers flights to the rest of the nations airstrips.Because it is such a large city, tourism services are the most extensive in the country. Most tourist agencies are headquartered in San Jos to better facilitate visitors travel around the nation. Also, the Costa Rica Tourism Board offers information, maps, and itinerary to those looking to plan on the go, or who require information regarding anything, literally. .....
12. Gramado is a municipality and small touristic town, southeast of Caxias do Sul and east of Nova Petr polis in the southern Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul, in the Serra Ga??cha region. The town was originally settled by Azorean descendents and later received a contingent of German and Italian immigrants.

Gramado is one of the towns along the scenic route known as Rota Romntica.Gramado was originally settled in 1875 by Portuguese immigrants. Five years later, the first German immigrants arrived and these were followed shortly after by Italian immigrants from the Italian settlements in Caxias do Sul.In 1913, the town seat was moved to Linha Nova, the location of the present day town center. At this time, Gramado was an unincorporated township within the municipality of Taquara. A railway arrived in Gramado in 1921, boosting the local economy. Gramado officially became a village in 1937, when Gramado was already known as a summer holiday resort. Gramado became a municipality on December 15, 1954 by force of State Act 2,522.The small Brazilian village of Gramado is a quaint and woodsy respite that boasts some delightful surprises. After youve fully enjoyed the paddleboats and surrounding Black Forest pines of Lago Negro, pay a visit to the peaceful Chagdud Gonpa Khadro Ling, a Tibetan Buddhist center and temple. Kids will love a visit to Mini Mundo, a miniature park that features tiny replicas of famous landmarks.Are you hungry? So the right place to go is a Cafe Colonial style restaurant. Show at left is a table fom Cale Colonial Bela Vista, the most traditional one.

The Cafe Colonial tradition started with the first european settlers, decades ago. They woke up very early to work and had just one meal for that day, so it should keep them full all day long. Cakes, eggs, cheese, ham, jams, juices, chocolate, pizzas, pies, juices, wine Well, those days are gone, but the Cafe Colonial tradition ramained, and got even better. Today this fixed rate all you can eat system offers more than 90 different dishes served at you table. Website: Cafe Belavista
Still hungry? We doubt it... Anyway, on the following day, there is more to try. Gramado is also famous for its many Italian and German cuisine restaurants, and below are just some of them Galeto Italia and Galeto Mamma Mia: Italian Cuisine.Try the traditional Galeto (Fried Chicken). At a fixed rate you will eat as much as you like, and that includes not only the Galeto but also capeletti soup, polenta frita, costelinha de porco, saladas de maionese, radiche com bacon, and many pastas, like fetutine bolognesa, lasagna, tortei, nhoque, red, white wines, etc. 707 Hortecias Ave (Galeto Italia) and 3500 Hortencias Ave .Swiss Cottage and La Famille Gazon: Delicious swiss style racletttes ande fundues, served a la carte. The right option for a romantic night. 1008 Hortencias Ave .

Khadro Ling Budist Temple, located in Tres Coroas town, not far from Gramado.Gramado is a lovely place to visit all year round, but there are two ocasions when every one seems like dying to go thereWinter vacations (July and August) and Christmas time, so, if this is your case please remember to book in advance to avoid any frustration. If you visit Gramado on christmas time you will be able to witness the beautiful Natal Luz (Enlighted Christmas Celebration), when all city turns itself on a living air Nativity Scene, including Christmas parades and carols contests at the main street.At right, Sao Pedro Church, Gramado s main religious temple, located next to Palacio dos Festivais Theater. Always beautiful, but specially during Christmas time, when it is gets all covered with lights.Many people in Brazil say Gramado doesn t look like Brazil. Why is that? Well, most of the tourists think of Brazil as a hot place, with sunny beaches and people dancing to the samba rythm along the streets all year round, isn t that so? Not exactly. As you could expect from a very large country, Brazil has a lot of places that are totally different from each other, of many of them doesn t match with the traditional idea of sand and beaches.

Gramado is surely one of them. Located at the mountains of Rio Grande do Sul state, southern Brazil, the city of Gramado reminds maybe some hidden place in Europe, among tall pines, flowers, lakes, hot in the Summer but extremely cold during winter. Charming, cozy, lovely, picturesque, Gramado is the right place for those looking for something else then samba or beaches.
Start your Gramado tour visiting Caracol Park, just 10 miles from town (left photo). There you will find Veu de Noiva Waterfall, take a cable car to see it from above, or, for the daring ones, go down (and after that up again...) a giant stairway all the way to the base of the waterfall and refresh yourself at the lake. There is also an observation deck at the edge of the canyon, restaurant and a souvenir shop.Gramado s chocolate is famous all over Brazil, and even exported to many other countries. There are more than twenty chocolate manufacturers here, and it s really hard to say which brand is best. It s up to you to decide... Almost everywhere downtown you will find stores like this, offering bars, candies, mugs, toys, and in many other chocolate forms.Some of the most famous local chocolate makers are Lugano, Planalto, Do Parque, Prawer, Gramadense and Caracol. .....
Ipanema Beach
13. One of the most famous beaches of Rio de Janeiro, Ipanema Beach is an urban beach that has a broad band of soft sand, with relatively strong waves.Symbol of music, art and bohemia, with the Morro Dois Irm???os in the background, from there you can have one of the finest views of the city, Throughout its history, the beauty and charm of this beach served as inspiration for poets, writers and composers.The Ipanema Beach became widely known by the song The Girl from Ipanema(Garota de Ipanema ), written by Antonio Carlos Jobim and Vin???cius de Moraes, with English lyrics written later by Norman Gimbel.

An extensive bike path and several kiosks flank the 2.6-kilometers sidewalk by the beach, which stretches from the Arpoador to Jardim de Alah (Alah Garden). The beach is used for practice of various sports, including the skiboard surfing, racquetball, volleyball, soccer and foot volley. Ipanema beach is often a place of outdoors concerts.The sunset is so fantastic that it is common to see swimmers clapping to this scenario. Depending on the season of the year, the sun sets in the sea horizon or behind the two spectacular mountains called the Dois Irmos(Two Brothers), which rise at the western end of the beach.One interesting thing about Ipanemas beach is that there is a gay friendly area, situated near the area of posto 9? (lifeguard tower 9), near Rua Farme de Amoedo, where there is a rainbow flag flying in the air.Ipanema is generally regarded as one of the safest districts in Zona Sul, beacuse it is usually patrolled by more police than other areas of the city.

It is famously known for its elegance and social qualities. Two mountains called the Dois Irm???os (Two Brothers) rise at the western end of the beach. The beach is divided into segments by marks known as postos (lifeguard towers). Beer is sold everywhere on the beach along with the traditional cacha?a. There are always circles of people playing football, volleyball, and footvolley, a locally invented sport that is a combination of volleyball and football.In the winter the surf can reach nine feet. The water quality varies with days of light blue water to a more murky green after heavy rains. Constant swells keep the water clean. The often treacherous beach break regularly forms barrels.Just west of this colorful section and towards Leblon, Rio de Janeiro is another popular stretch of sand known as Posto 10 (10th lifeguard tower).The Travel Channel listed Ipanema Beach as the sexiest beach in the world. .....
National Theatre
14. The Claudio Santoro National Theater is a theater in Brasilia, Brazil. Construction began on July 30, 1960, and ended in 1966. It was designed by Oscar Niemeyer and it has a Modern architectural style. In 1976, the theater was closed for renovation, which was completed on April 21, 1981. Inside the theater there are three rooms, one called Alberto Nepomuceno, which can hold 60 people, one called Martins Pena, which can hold 407 people, and one called Villa Lobos, which holds 1,407 people.The Cludio Santoro National Theater is a multi-theater building in Bras???lia, Brazil.

It was designed by Oscar Niemeyer in the Modern architectural style. Construction began on July 30, 1960, and the building was completed in 1966. Built in the shape of a truncated pyramid, it is the largest building in Brasilia designed by Niemeyer specifically for the arts. The building was closed for renovation in 1976, and was reopened on April 21, 1981.The National Theater is operated by Secretary of Culture of the Federal District and is home to three venues; the 60 seat Alberto Nepomuceno theater, the 407-seat Martins Pena theater, and the 1,407 seat Villa-Lobos theater.The complex also includes an exhibition gallery that is accessible to the public.Construction of the theater was started on July 30, 1960.

The building was structurally complete by January 30, 1961, but construction was then interrupted until early 1966. The Martins-Pena theater was opened on April 21, 1966, and was used for ten years until it was closed on September 4, 1976 during completion of the complex.Construction was completed by March 1979, and the Villa Lobos theatre was opened with a concert conducted by Cludio Santoro. The Martins Pena theater was reopened on March 7, and the Alberto Nepomuceno theatre was opened on March 8. On December 1, 1979, the entire complex was closed again to complete renovations, and construction began on an annex which would include offices, rehearsal rooms, and galleries.The complex was reopened on April 21, 1981, and an annex was opened on June 24, 1981. The theatre was renamed Claudio Santoro National Theater on September 1, 1989, in honor of the Brazilian composer and violinist.The history of the Claudio Santoro National Theater is scheduled for construction, renovations, openings, full seasons with public support, innovations and pulsations characteristic of a cultural center of modern origin and destination.The white pyramid of concrete, iron and glass, built with precision on a small platform, facing the Esplanade of Ministries in the Cultural Sector North is from Brazil and Brasilia.The National Theatre is still beautiful and striking and bears. .....
Lagoa Neighborhood
15. The Lagoa area is not only the most exclusive neighborhood in the affluent Zona Sul district but is the third most expensive neighborhood in all of South America. It is also home to a large lagoon known as the Lagoa Rodrigo de Freitas. The four mile path encircling the lagoon is a favorite spot for joggers and cyclists. Open air cafs and restaurants along the shore offer stunning views of the lagoon and the beaches beyond.Lagoa is an affluent residential neighborhood in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil located around the Rodrigo de Freitas Lagoon. It borders the neighborhoods of Ipanema, Leblon, Copacabana, Gvea and Jardim Botnico and Humait .

It is the third most expensive neighborhood to live in South America. It is also one of the few places in Rio de Janeiro without a favela (slum). The population is of about 18,200 inhabitants. Around the Rodrigo de Freitas Lagoon there is a 7.5 km long cicleway and many parks.Lagoas most stunning attribute is difficult to define. Sprawling under the wide embrace of Corcovado Mountains Christ the Redeemerstatue, this south Rio neighborhood adds a placid blue lake to the citys aquatic repertoire . A veritable playground surrounds the lake, and Rios active residents hike, bike, and meditate along its banks, while the neighborhoods modern high-rises and convenient kiosks provide recreational necessities and places to relax.Lagoa meaning lagoon is a prosperous residential neighborhood in Brazils Rio de Janeiro. It is named so due its location around the Rodrigo de Freitas Lagoon. It borders other prominent neighbourhoods of Copacabana, Ipanema, Leblon, etc. This neighborhood is for the upper class and upper middle class of the citys populace. Lagoa is a plush locality in Southern Rio de Janeiro with a lake, parks, country clubs, restaurants, nightclubs, bars and much more. It is also the headquarters of the Flamengo soccer team.

The Lagoa Lake was called Sacopenap??? by natives meaning way of the soc . The city authorities are making efforts to bring back the wildlife and swamp around the lakes borders. The lake and its surroundings have been home to many varieties of fish and birds. A canal called Allahs Gardens Canal links it to the Atlantic Ocean.This neighborhood is noted for its scenic parks around the Lagoa Lake where you can indulge in a lot of sporty activities and refresh yourself in its several gourmet kiosks. Spending an afternoon here is a great idea. Other activities that Lagoa is ideal for are cycling, skating, jogging, football, horseback riding, nautical sports??the list is endless. Be it stopping for a bite or for that good open air work out, you can do them all in its fresh air and enjoyable scenery.Lagoa has some of the best restaurants in Rio; Bar Lagoa, a traditional restaurant with an art deco edifice, antique lamps, patio tables and a 65 year history, is one of them. It is a must visit for delicious food with a German flavor. Lagoas historic mansion featuring an assorted collection of art and the exhibits include sculptures, French furniture, paintings, Egyptian and Dutch art, etc, is a good visit for tourists. .....
Maracana Stadium
16. Football is by far the most important sport in Brazil and the Maracan??? Stadium is one of Rios most important landmarks. Once the worlds highest capacity football venue, it was able to hold nearly 200,000 people when it opened in 1950. In modern times, the capacity has been reduced because of safety considerations, and the introduction of seating for all fans. It was partially rebuilt in preparation for the 2014 World Cup and is currently able to seat 80,000 spectators making it the largest stadium in South America.

Owned by the Rio de Janeiro state government, it is, as is the Maracan neighborhood where it is located, named after the Rio Maracan, a now canalized river in Rio de Janeiro. It was opened in 1950 to host the FIFA World Cup, in which Brazil were beaten 2??1 by Uruguay in the deciding game.Since then, it has mainly been used for football matches between the major football clubs in Rio de Janeiro, including Flamengo, Fluminense, Botafogo and Vasco da Gama. It has also hosted a number of concerts and other sporting events.
Although the total attendance at the final game of the 1950 FIFA World Cup was 199,854 , the stadium currently seats 78,838 spectators, making it the largest stadium in Brazil and the second in South America after Estadio Monumental in Peru. It was the main venue of the 2007 Pan American Games, hosting the football tournament and the opening and closing ceremonies.
The Maracan was partially rebuilt in preparation for the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup, the 2014 World Cup, which will be the first one held in Brazil since 1950, and also the opening and closing ceremonies of the 2016 Summer Olympics and Paralympics. The stadium will also host the final of the 2014 World Cup.The stadium held a test game on April 27, 2013, with teams led by Ronaldo and Bebeto. The first official match was on June 2, 2013, when Brazil drew 2??2 with England in a friendly match.Maracan, officially called Estdio M???rio Filho, was built to serve as the flagship venue for the 1950 World Cup.

It was meant to become the biggest football stadium in the world.Construction began in August 1948 and was completed almost two years later. Maracan??? officially opened on 16 June 1950 with a friendly between a selection of players from Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo.Eight days later, Maracan??? hosted the opening match of the 1950 World Cup between Brazil and Mexico (4-0). It would go on to host four more matches in the first round group stage and a further three in the second round stage, among which the deciding final match between Uruguay and Brazil (2-1).The official attendance of the final was about 173,000 paying spectators, but it is estimated that more than 200,000 witnessed the game live from the stands.The stadium was officially renamed in 1966 following the death of Brazilian journalist M???rio Filho, but most people have kept referring to the stadium as Maracan.Maracan??? hardly changed until the 1990s, when a deathly accident and resulting safety measures greatly reduced capacity. Shortly later it got converted into an all seater.When Brazil got awarded the 2014 World Cup in 2007, it was clear that Maracan??? was destined to host the final and would therefore need a massive redevelopment.Building works started in 2010 and involved the complete rebuilding of the bottom tier and the installation of a new roof with a capacity of 79,000 seats as a result. The stadium reopened on 2 June 2013 with a friendly international between Brazil and England (2-2).Maracan is scheduled to host a total of seven matches during the 2014 World Cup, including one quarter-final and the final. It also hosted several matches and the final of the 2013 Confederations Cup.Maracan??? is owned by the state of Rio de Janeiro, but has grown to become the regular home of Flamengo and Fluminense. Other Rio clubs such as Botafogo and Vasco da Gama also occasionally use the stadium for high-profile matches. .....
Tijuca National Park
17. One of the largest urban forest in the world, the Tijuca National Park covers a huge area of a mostly mountainous landscape. Visitors can hike to Rios highest peak, the Pico da Tijuca, to enjoy expansive views of Guanabara Bay and the city below. Nearly destroyed in the early 1800s by encroaching coffee plantations, much of the forest was replanted by hand in the latter half of the century with as many as nine million trees.

Attractions include the Mayrink Chapel, which has murals painted by the famed Brazilian neo realism painter Cndido Portinari, and the tumbling 100 foot Cascatinha Waterfall.The Tijuca Forest is a mountainous hand-planted rainforest in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is claimed to be the world s largest urban forest, covering some 32 km (12.4 mi), although there are sources assigning this title to the urban forest of Johannesburg, South Africa, where between 6 and 9.5 million trees were planted. The forest shares its name with bairros or neighborhoods of Tijuca and Barra da Tijuca that contain its entrances. It is a mountainous region, which encompasses the Tijuca Massif.The word Tijuca from Tupi language which means marsh, and is a reference to the Tijuca Lagoon in the contemporary Barra da Tijuca. The mountains were called after it, as well the neighbourhood on the other side of it. It is a natural boundary that separates the West Zone of the city from the South, Central and North ones, and the North Zone from the South one.The Tijuca Forest is home to hundreds of species of plants and wildlife, many threatened by extinction, found only in the Atlantic Rainforest .

After all the original forest had been destroyed to make way for coffee farms, Tijuca was replanted by Major Manuel Gomes Archer in the second half of the 19th century in a successful effort to protect Rio s water supply.One favela exists in the Tijuca Forest. Its inhabitants are mainly the descendants of those who migrated to the region in the 1930s to take part in the replanting effort. Though conditions have improved recently under the Favela-Bairro Project, Mata Machado still contributes to environmental degradation in the forest.In 1961, Tijuca Forest was declared a National Park. The Forest contains a number of attractions, most notably the colossal sculpture of Christ the Redeemer atop Corcovado mountain. Other attractions include the Cascatinha Waterfall the Mayrink Chapel, with murals painted by C???ndido Portinari the light pagoda style gazebo at Vista Chinesa outlook and the giant granite picnic table called the Mesa do Imperador. Among its impressive peaks is the Stone of Gvea. .....
Lapa Neighborhood
18. Located in the downtown section of Rio known as Centro , the Lapa neighborhood was once the citys red-light district. Today, the area is known for its vibrant nightlife. Lined with samba and choro bars, the music and dancing spills out into the street on weekend nights. Most of the neighborhoods architecture dates back to the 1800s, providing a scenic backdrop to all the festivities. Its the perfect place to meet up with friends and cariocas to sample local cuisine and to sip caipirinha, the national cocktail made with sugarcane hard liquor and lime. Escadaria Selar n, a set of famous steps connects both the Lapa and Santa Teresa neighborhoods.Lapa is a neighborhood in the city of Rio de Janeiro, in Brazil. It is located in the centre of Rio and is famous for its historical monuments and nightlife.The neighborhood is home to the Arcos da Lapa, an impressive aqueduct constructed in the mid 18th century by colonial authorities. Another important historical attraction is the Passeio P??blico, the first public park of the city, built in the 1780s.

Since the early 1950s, Lapa has been known for its lively cultural life, concentrating many restaurants and bars where Brazilian artists and intellectuals used to meet. It was, and still is, famous for its many restaurants, bars and clubs where the various forms of Brazilian music can be appreciated, like the Asa Branca bar and the Fundio Progresso. The Sala Cec???lia Meirelles, an important venue for chamber music, is also located in Lapa.The most bohemian of Rio de Janeiros neighborhoods, vibrant Lapa is best known for its eclectic music scene, with an abundance of bars, clubs and venues hosting local samba and forr bands. After dark, the main streets of Rua da Lapa or Rua Joaquim Silva come alive, with dancers spilling onto the streets and top clubs like the Rio Scenarium, Arco Iris and Asa Branca teeming with locals and in the know tourists.Even in the daylight hours, Lapa is a colorful district to explore, with the striking colonial buildings now home to a string of vintage shops and cafs frequented by Rios creative types. The area is also home to two of the citys most iconic landmarks, most notably the Lapa Arches , an enormous 18th-century aqueduct that towers 64 meters over the central square. With the 42 grand arches dramatically lit at night, the arches make a popular meeting place for cariocas, as do the brightly painted steps of the Selaron Ladder, a short walk away. The masterpiece of Chilean artist Jorge Selar n, the 215 steps of the Selaron Ladder are richly decorated with over 2,000 tiles in the colors of the Brazilian flag and mark the way into the neighboring district of Santa Teresa.IN the whitewashed bohemian outpost of Santa Teresa, far from the Rio de Janeiro of tourist mythology, the beach hedonism of Zona Sul neighborhoods like Ipanema and Copacabana seems almost irrelevant. Here, local artists have claimed 19th-century hilltop villas that are sandwiched between squatter slums and offer stunning views of the coast.At lunch in unpretentious Bar do Mineiro, a grizzled artist offered advice on how to spend an evening out in Rio.

There is no soul in the Zona Sul,he said. If you are going out, you must only go to Lapa. He was talking about Santa Teresas neighbor, which shares the same historic architecture and still-dubious reputation as Santa Teresa. The two are linked by the bonde, a precarious but unforgettable tram that passes over Lapas aqueduct, and by the stairs connecting the Convento de Santa Teresa to Rua Joaquim Silva in Lapa.Lapa offers an alternative to the slick, soulless clubs of the Zona Sul, whose anxiousness to convey international style exclusivity cannot allay the nagging feeling that Rios real action lies elsewhere. Revitalization has begun to take place farther afield, in places like Lapa, the scene of a rebirth of samba, where spontaneity and history commingle.The moment were living in will be remembered as a historical one in the history of Rio samba, and a great part of that is because of Lapa,the samba musician and singer Nilze Carvalho, 37, told me.The exodus of middle-class night life even concerts and bars to glittering shopping malls in Rio probably reflects security concerns as much as it does creeping Americanization. But for the traveler, this isnt just boring, its depressing.Luckily, not all Cariocas, as residents of Rio are called, are into fortress socializing. Considering the options, Cristiano Nogueira, the 31-year-old author of the guidebook Rio for Partiers,said I want the fear. I want the drama. I want the sweat. Lapa offers all three in spades. Getting to Lapa 20 minutes and a 25-reais cab ride from the Zona Sul can seem like a trek, but if it were any closer to shore, it would doubtless be spoiled, as Copacabana has long been, beset by overexposure, seediness and Disney-like garishness. As it is, Lapas charm exists in the gentle mildewing of its colonial-era architecture, in its sense of unfolding transformation.At the neighborhoods heart is the Arcos da Lapa aqueduct, which, despite having been built in 1723 by slaves, is curiously modernist in its starkness. At night, it is surrounded by blithe, raucous activity. On one side of the aqueduct, fans line up for the sweeping tents of Circo Voador, a semi outdoor music club; on the other, the square is jammed with revelers and vendors selling bottles of Skol beer. Cobblestones and sidewalks receive the scuttle and strut of impromptu samba.

Gaggles of musicians swing cavaquinhos, the diminutive guitars that give samba music its characteristic tink, sidling up to drinkers slumped in plastic chairs in the street.In the early decades of the 20th century, Lapa was a rowdy neighborhood of ill repute, of the best sort. Known as the Montmartre of South America, its streets were studded with cabarets, brothels and casinos, until the dictator Getulio Vargas put his foot down in the 1940s.That era lives on in two narratives that of the malandro, the shiftless but debonair seducer immortalized in a pop opera by a Rio native son, Chico Buarque, and the tempestuous black bisexual drag queen Madame Sat, subject of an eponymous 2002 movie.In Madame Sat,Lapa is more than a backdrop it is a character in a drama of marginality, the apotheosis of feverish creativity and full-throttle pageantry.Before rebirth came decay. The new cult of beachgoing moved Rios center of action to the shore, and in 1960, when Rio lost its crown as the nations capital to Bras???lia, deterioration in Lapa and the surrounding area accelerated. Marco Ara??jo, 40, the manager of the pioneering samba house Carioca da Gema, put it bluntly: Lapa was dead, but musicians from Rio still remembered it as their symbol of samba.Later, samba, commonly recognized as the Brazilian national art, also fell out of vogue, said Mr. Ara??jo. Young people preferred to go to clubs and discos,he said. But when they came here to Lapa, they rediscovered the samba that was their childhood.He compared it to the resurgent popularity of cacha?a, the potent sugar cane liquor that provides the national cocktail, the caipirinha, with its kick. Cacha'a and samba walk together on the same road,he said. .....
Santa Teresa Neighborhood
19. Perched on a hill ove rlooking Citys harbor,the Santa Teresa neighborhood invites visitors to step back in time and experience the faded elegance of Rios 19th century plantation mansions and cobblestone streets.The region escaped development until 1896, when an aqueduct was built that linked the neighborhood to the city.The district was a haven for artists,musicians and writers in the 20th century, and although trendy clubs and boutiques have since overtaken the neighborhood,it still retains a friendly artist colony vibe.The citys remaining streetcar,Santa Teresa Tram,used to be a popular tourist attractions in Rio de Janeiro but was closed after a serious accident on the line.

Santa Teresa is the name of a neighborhood in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is located on top of the Santa Teresa hill, by the centre of Rio, and is famous for its winding, narrow streets which are a favourite spot for artists and tourists. The neighborhood originated around the Santa Teresa Convent, built in the 1750s on the Desterro hill. At the end of the 19th and early 20th century it was an upper class borough, as testified by its magnificent mansions, many of which are still standing.Santa Teresa ceased being an upper class neighbourhood long ago, but it has been revived as an artistic hotspot. It is home to several artists and art studios and galleries. The offer of restaurants and bars is also varied.One of Santa Teresa s most illustrious inhabitants was Raimundo Otoni Castro Maya, an art collector who lived in his Chcara do Cu mansion in the neighborhood. The mansion was turned into a museum and its exhibits include works by Matisse, Jean Metzinger, Eliseu Visconti, Di Cavalcanti, and Candido Portinari. It s located close to the cultural center Parque das Ru???nas. In 2006, some paintings were stolen, and haven t been recovered yet.Another museum is the Museu do Bonde, which tells the history of the famous Santa Teresa Tram since its historic origins. A ride on the tram is a popular attraction among tourists. It sports crossing the old Carioca Aqueduct, going through picturesque streets of the Santa Teresa neighbourhood and wonderful views of the city downhill.The neighborhood of Santa Teresa was born outside of a convent on Morro do Desterro, Rio de Janeiro in the early 18th century. The district occupies a hilltop in the heart of the city and seems to have stopped in time, keeping dozens of years preserved features of Old Rio and a story around every corner.Writers and artists have always been attracted to Santa Teresa, seduced by its charm and its architectural and cultural treasures, visible to the eyes and heart.

The art displayed in the many workshops that took over the neighborhood, finds its stronghold in Santa, how they prefer to call them passionately. Everything that exists and knows about Santa Teresa is also a bit of history in Rio But it seems to the visitor a place apart with their own characteristics.The narrow winding streets through which the old trams, the only ones that still circulate in Brazil, are more a singular attraction. The charming vehicles circulating in the last century, propelled by animal and later by electricity. Remnants of a romantic era, were listed as historic site and still go perfectly preserved tracks taking visitors to a rereading of the past.The tram leaves the city center, passing over the Arcos da Lapa and follows the route of the time in up-and-down from the hills of Santa Teresa. The starting point is the station in Largo da Carioca, the station is very near the headquarters of Petrobras, Rua Lelio Gama. The place has a lovely garden and reveals a little of what you ll find this ride.With less than $ 1 to purchase a ticket to ride the famous tram flower. There are two lines that travel in Santa Teresa, Paula Matos and called Two Brothers, with intervals of 30 minutes of departure.The Church and Convent of Santa Teresa, responsible for the name of the district, belonging to the Order of Discalced Carmelite, religious houses that are isolated and have little contact with the outside world. The order preaches simplicity, humility and discretion. Few residents have seen the nuns in the neighborhood. .....
Jardim Botanico
20. Located to the west of the Lagoa neighborhood,the Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden, or Jardim Botanico, houses more than 8,000 species of plants. Built in the early 1800s, the garden features many mature specimens, including avenues of towering palm trees. Visitors flock to the park to view the 600 species of orchids.The garden includes a number of monuments, fountains and features, including a Japanese garden, a pond filled with water lilies and the new Museu do Meio Ambiente, which displays exhibits that focus on the environment.

Jardim Botnico is a residential neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, located north of Ipanema and Leblon, just across Lagoa Rodrigo de Freitas and east of Gvea. Jardim Botnico lies in the affluent South Zone of Rio de Janeiro.The district got its name as it grew around the city s world famous Botanical Garden.The residents are generally upper middle to upper class and do not live near a favela, which is rare in the city. It differs from most of Rios neighbourhoods due to the large number of large detached houses, again not that common in the densely populated south zone. It is home to many Brazilian celebrities and the headquarters of the nation wide television network, Rede Globo. Many of Rede Globos studios are in the neighbourhood.The main road in the borough is the Rua Jardim Botanico . The neighborhood leads to Rio de Janeiro s large Tijuca Forest, using a road that winds up through the mountainous forest.One of Rio de Janeiro s most famous carnival blocs parades annually through the streets of Jardim Botanico. The bloc calls itself Suvaco do Cristo , which translates to Armpit of the Christ because Jardim Botnico lies right underneath the right armpit of Rio de Janeiro s most prominent landmark, world famous Cristo Redentorstatue.The Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden or Jardim Bot???nico is located at the Jardim Bot???nico district in the Zona Sul of Rio de Janeiro.

The Botanical Garden shows the diversity of Brazilian and foreign flora. There are around 6,500 species distributed throughout an area of 54 hectares, and there are numerous greenhouses. The Garden also houses monuments of historical, artistic and archaeological significance. There is an important research center, which includes the most complete library in the country specializing in botany with over 32,000 volumes.It was founded in 1808 by King John VI of Portugal. Originally intended for the acclimatisation of spices like nutmeg, pepper and cinnamon imported from the West Indies, the Garden was opened to the public in 1822, and is now open during daylight hours every day except December 25 and the 1st of January.The 140 hectare park lies at the foot of the Corcovado Mountain, far below the right arm of the statue of Christ the Redeemer and contains more than 6,000 different species of tropical and subtropical plants and trees, including 900 varieties of palm trees. A 750 m line of 134 palms forms the Avenue of Royal Palms leading from the entrance into the gardens. These palms all descended from a single tree, the Palma Mater, long since destroyed by lightning. Only about 40% of the park is cultivated, the remainder being Atlantic Forest rising up the slopes of Corcovado. The park is protected by the Patrim?nio Hist rico e Art???stico Nacional and was designated as a biosphere reserve by UNESCO in 1992.

The Botanical Garden has an important research institute, which develops a wide range of botanical studies in Brazil. The institute has taxonomists who specialize in the identification and conservation of the neotropical flora.The gardens house collections that include bromeliads, orchids, carnivorous plants, and cacti. These include Brazils largest botanical library and collections of dried fruits, rare Brazilian plants, and many photographs. The painted cast-iron Fountain of the Muses was made in Derby, UK, and until 1895 was sited at Henrique Lage s villa at Largo da Lapa, as part of the landscaping by the English painter John Tydall.The park contains 140 species of birds, many of which have become accustomed to humans and are consequently much easier to observe than in the wild. These include the Channel billed Toucan, Dusky legged Guan and Slaty breasted Rail. Howler monkeys and Tufted eared Marmosets are also frequently seen in the Botanical Gardens.Features of interest include an old gunpowder factory, the Victoria Lilies in the Lago Frei Leandro pond, the Japanese Garden, and many sculptures and fountains. .....
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