Montreal

Montreal
1. Montreal is a city in the Canadian province of Quebec.It is the largest city in the province, the second largest in Canada and the 9th largest in North America.Originally called Ville Marie, or City of Mary, it is named after Mount Royal, the triple peaked hill in the heart of the city.The city is on the Island of Montreal, which took its name from the same source as the city, and a few much smaller peripheral islands, the largest of which is ile Bizard.Montreal was named a UNESCO City of Design.Historically the commercial capital of Canada, it was surpassed in population and economic strength by Toronto in the 1970s.It remains an important centre of commerce, aerospace, finance, pharmaceuticals, technology, design, culture, tourism, gaming, film and world affairs.It is ranked 16th out of 140 cities in The Economist Intelligence Unit Global Liveability Ranking. .....
Old Montreal
2. Old Montreal (French Vieux Montreal) is the oldest area in the city of Montreal, Quebec, Canada, with few remains dating back to New France.Located in the borough of Ville Marie, the area is bordered on the west by McGill St., on the north by Ruelle des Fortifications, on the east by Rue Saint Andre and on the south by the Saint Lawrence River.Following recent amendments, the district has been expanded slightly to include the rue des Soeurs Grises in the west, Saint Antoine St.in the north and Saint Hubert Street in the east.It also includes the Old Port of Montreal.Most of Old Montreal was declared an historic district in 1964 by the Ministere des Affaires culturelles du Quebec. .....
Notre Dame Basilica
3. Notre Dame Basilica (French Basilique Notre Dame de Montreal) is a basilica in the historic district of Old Montreal, in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.The church is located at 110 Notre Dame Street West, at the corner of Saint Sulpice Street.It is located next to the Saint Sulpice Seminary and faces the Place d Armes square.The church Gothic Revival architecture is among the most dramatic in the world its interior is grand and colourful, its ceiling is coloured deep blue and decorated with golden stars, and the rest of the sanctuary is a polychrome of blues, azures, reds, purples, silver, and gold.It is filled with hundreds of intricate wooden carvings and several religious statues.Unusual for a church, the stained glass windows along the walls of the sanctuary do not depict biblical scenes, but rather scenes from the religious history of Montreal.It also has a Casavant Freres pipe organ, dated 1891, which comprises four keyboards, 92 stops using electropneumatic action and an adjustable combination system, 7000 individual pipes and a pedal board. .....
Mount Royal
4. Mount Royal (French mont Royal, IPA) is a hill in the city of Montreal, immediately west of downtown Montreal, Quebec, Canada, the city to which it gave its name.The hill is part of the Monteregian Hills situated between the Laurentians and the Appalachians.It gave its Latin name, Mons Regius, to the Monteregian chain. .....
Montreal Museum of Fine Arts
5. The Montreal Museum of Fine Arts (MMFA) (French Musee des beaux arts de Montreal) is an art museum in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.It is Montreal largest museum and is amongst the most prominent in Canada.The museum is located on the historic Golden Square Mile stretch of Sherbrooke Street.The Montreal Museum of Fine Arts is a member of the International Group of Organizers of Large scale Exhibitions, also known as the Bizot Group, a forum which allows the leaders of the largest museums in the world to exchange works and exhibitions.The Museum is affiliated with CMA,CHIN, and Virtual Museum of Canada. .....
Saint Joseph Oratory
6. Saint Joseph Oratory of Mount Royal, (French Oratoire Saint Joseph du Mont Royal), is a Roman Catholic minor basilica and national shrine on Westmount Summit in Montreal, Quebec.It is Canada largest church. .....
Montreal Biodome
7. The Montreal Biodome (French Biodome de Montreal) is a facility located in Montreal that allows visitors to walk through replicas of four ecosystems found in the Americas.The building was originally constructed for the 1976 Olympic Games as a velodrome.It hosted both track cycling and judo events.Renovations on the building began in 1989 and in 1992 the indoor nature exhibit was opened.The Montreal Biodome is one of four facilities operated by the Montreal Nature Museum, which include the Montreal Insectarium, Montreal Botanical Garden, and Montreal Planetarium.It is an accredited member of both the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA) and the Canadian Association of Zoos and Aquariums (CAZA). .....
Old Port of Montreal
8. The Old Port of Montreal (French Vieux Port de Montreal) is the historic port of Montreal, Quebec, Canada.Located in Old Montreal, it stretches for over two kilometres along the St Lawrence River in Old Montreal.It was used as early as 1611, when French fur traders used it as a trading post.In 1976, Montreal Port activities were moved east to the present Port of Montreal in the borough of Mercier Hochelaga Maisonneuve.The Old Port was redeveloped in the early 1990s, under the direction of architects Aurele Cardinal and Peter Rose.It is today a recreational and historical area and draws six million tourists annually. .....
Montreal Botanical Garden
9. The Montreal Botanical Garden (French Jardin botanique de Montreal) is a large botanical garden in Montreal, Quebec, Canada comprising 75 hectares (190 acres) of thematic gardens and greenhouses.It was designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 2008 as it is considered to be one of the most important botanical gardens in the world due to the extent of its collections and facilities.The garden was founded in 1931, in the height of the Great Depression, by mayor Camillien Houde, after years of campaigning by Brother Marie Victorin.The grounds were designed by Henry Teuscher, while the Art Deco style administration building was designed by architect Lucien F.Keroack. .....
La Ronde
10. La Ronde is an amusement park in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.It is the largest in Quebec, owned and operated by Six Flags.The park is under an emphyteutic lease with the City of Montreal, which expires in 2065.It is on 146 acres (59.1 ha) located on the eastern tip of Saint Helen Island.The park hosts L International des Feux Loto Quebec, a highly regarded international fireworks competition.The site is accessible by automobile via a special exit off the Jacques Cartier Bridge.On site parking is available at a cost of doller20 per day for regular parking, doller22 on days when there are fireworks presentations, or doller25 for VIP parking. .....
Notre Dame de Bon Secours Chapel
11. The chapel of Notre Dame du Haut in Ronchamp (French Chapelle Notre Dame du Haut de Ronchamp), completed in 1954, is one of the finest examples of the architecture of Franco Swiss architect Le Corbusier and one of the most important examples of twentieth century religious architecture.The chapel is a working religious building and is under the guardianship of the private foundation Association de l Oeuvre de Notre Dame du Haut.It attracts 80,000 visitors each year. .....
Montreal Biosphere
12. The Biosphere is a museum in Montreal dedicated to the environment.It is located at Parc Jean Drapeau, on ile Sainte Helene in the former pavilion of the United States for the 1967 World Fair Expo 67.The Biosphere features exhibitions and activities which are entertaining and educational to better understand major environmental issues related to water, air, climate change, the sustainable development and responsible consumption. .....
Olympic Stadium
13. The stadium was designed by French architect Roger Taillibert to be a very elaborate facility featuring a retractable roof, the design of the stadium resembles to the Osaka 1970 World Expo Australian pavilion which was to be opened and closed by a huge 175 metre (574 ft) tower the tallest inclined structure in the world, and the sixth tallest structure in Montreal.The Olympic swimming pool is located under this tower.An Olympic velodrome (since converted to the Montreal Biodome, an indoor nature museum) was situated at the base of the tower in a building similar in design to the swimming pool.The building was built as the main stadium for the 1976 Summer Olympic Games.The stadium was host to various events including the opening and closing ceremonies, athletics, football finals, and the team jumping equestrian events. .....
Bonsecours Market
14. The area where MarcheBonsecours stands was always a busy center of cultural and social activity in the city of Montreal, boasting mansions, hotels, and even a theater where Charles Dickens and his band of actors once performed.Footner was adamant that the building be a crowning example of what architecture could be in Canada and, indeed, the building has been lauded as one of the ten major achievements in the History of Canadian Architecture. .....
Parc Jean Drapeau
15. Parc Jean Drapeau (formerly called Parc des iles) is situated to the east of downtown Montreal, Quebec, Canada, in the Saint Lawrence River.It comprises two islands, Saint Helen Island and the artificial island ile Notre Dame.The islands were the site of the Expo 67 World Fair.ile Notre Dame was constructed for the exposition.The park was renamed in honour of Jean Drapeau, the late mayor of Montreal and initiator of Expo 67.After the closing of Expo, the site continued its fair vocation under the name Man and His World and finally, most facilities were dismantled and the island was converted into a park.In 1999, the Parc des iles de Montreal was renamed Parc Jean Drapeau in honor of former Mayor of Montreal, Jean Drapeau, who had re shaped the islands, built the Montreal Metro and brought Expo 67 to the city. .....
Lachine Canal
16. The Lachine Canal (Canal de Lachine in French) is a canal passing through the southwestern part of the Island of Montreal, Quebec, Canada, running 14.5 kilometres from the Old Port of Montreal to Lake Saint Louis, through the boroughs of Lachine, Lasalle and Sud Ouest.On the land before the canal construction there was a lake named Lac St Pierre .The lake and its rivers can be seen on the maps of Montreal of the years 1700, 1744 and on the map titled The isles of Montreal.As they have been surveyed by the french engineers.The canal gets its name from the French word for China (La Chine).The European explorers dreamt of finding a route from New France to the Western Sea and there on to China and hence auspiciously the region where the canal was built was named Lachine.The canal, due to the continuous disposal of industrial waste, has the prevalence of harmful substances, although the water quality is said to be good. .....
Insectarium
17. An insectarium is a live insect zoo, or a museum or exhibit of live insects.Insectariums often display a variety of insects and similar arthropods, such as spiders, beetles, cockroaches, ants, bees, millipedes, centipedes, crickets, grasshoppers, stick insects, scorpions and mantids.Displays can focus on learning about insects, types of insects, their habitats, why they are important, and the work of entomologists, arachnologists, and other scientists that study terrestrial arthropods and similar animals.A butterfly zoo is a type of insectarium that specializes in live butterflies and moths.In addition, there are seasonal butterfly gardens on display at many zoos, botanical gardens, nature centers, natural history museums and science museums. .....
Chateau Ramezay
18. The Chateau Ramezay is a museum and historic building on Notre Dame Street in Old Montreal, opposite Montreal City Hall.Built in 1705 as the residence of then governor of Montreal, Claude de Ramezay, the Chateau was the first building proclaimed as a historical monument in Quebec and is the province oldest private history museum.It was designated a National Historic Sites of Canada in 1949.Over the years, the Chateau changed owners and functions several times, with Ramezay descendants selling the manor to the fur trading Compagnie des Indes. .....
Bell Centre
19. The Bell Centre (French Centre Bell), formerly known as the Molson Centre or Le Centre Molson, is a sports and entertainment complex in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.It opened on March 16, 1996 after nearly three years under construction.It is best known as the home of the National Hockey League Montreal Canadiens ice hockey team.It is currently owned by a partnership group headed by Geoff Molson and his brothers, Andrew and Justin.The same ownership group also owns the Montreal Canadiens and Evenko, an entertainment event promoter.Since it opened in 1996, it has consistently been listed as one of the world busiest arenas, usually receiving the highest attendance of any arena in Canada.In 2012, it was the 5th busiest arena in the world based on ticket sales for non sporting events. .....
Ile Notre Dame
20. ile Notre Dame is an artificial island located in the Saint Lawrence River in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.It is located immediately east of ile Sainte Helene and west of the Saint Lawrence Seaway and the city of Saint Lambert on the south shore.Together with ile Sainte Helene, it makes up Parc Jean Drapeau, which forms part of the Hochelaga Archipelago.To the southwest, the island is connected to the embankment separating the seaway and Lachine Rapids.Parc Jean Drapeau is officially recognized as a registered leg of the Route Verte and Trans Canada Trail. .....
Canadian Centre for Architecture
21. The Canadian Centre for Architecture (CCA) (French Centre canadien d'architecture) is a museum of architecture and research centre in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.It is located at 1920 Baile Street, between Fort Street and Saint Marc Street in what was once part of the Golden Square Mile.Today it is considered to be located in the Shaughnessy Village neighbourhood of the borough of Ville Marie. Phyllis Lambert is the founding director and chair of the board of trustees, and Mirko Zardini is the director and chief curator.It was designed and built by Peter Rose.The CCA contains a vast library and archives, and is host to various exhibits throughout the year.It is also home to a study centre open to the general public.The CCA also provides educational programs and cultural activities.The CCA also has an architectural garden located on the southern side of ReneLevesque Boulevard.The sculpture garden was realized by architect Melvin Charney. .....
1000 de La Gauchetiere
22. 1000 de la Gauchetiere is a skyscraper in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.It is named for its address at 1000 De la Gauchetiere Street West in the city downtown.It is Montreal tallest building.It rises to the maximum height approved by the city (the elevation of Mount Royal) at 205 m (673 ft) and 51 floors.A popular feature of this building is its atrium which holds a large ice skating rink.To be precise, the tower is Montreal tallest if measured to the roof 1250 ReneLevesque possesses a spire and the CIBC Tower possess an antenna that exceeds 1000 de La Gauchetiere in height, but the buildings themselves are shorter.Also, when viewed as part of the skyline, 1000 de la Gauchetiere appears from certain angles to be shorter this is because it is built on lower ground, allowing it to be taller while still obeying height restrictions. .....
Montreal Planetarium
23. The Montreal Planetarium (formerly the Dow Planetarium) is a decommissioned public planetarium located at Chaboillez Square just outside downtown Montreal.It permanently closed in October 2011.The Rio Tinto Alcan Planetarium is the successor to the Montreal planetarium, and is located in the Espace pour la Vie, near the Olympic stadium and the Biodome in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.The new installation has two separate theatres as well as exhibits on space and astronomy.It officially opened April 2013. The building, designed by Cardin and Ramirez et Associes, Architectes, aims to qualify as LEED Platinum. .....
Christ Church Cathedral
24. Christ Church Cathedral (or, more formally, The Cathedral of the Holy Trinity) is the cathedral of the United Dioceses of Dublin and Glendalough and the cathedral of the Ecclesiastical province of the United Provinces of Dublin and Cashel in the Church of Ireland.It is situated in Dublin, Ireland, and is the elder of the capital city two medieval cathedrals, the other being St Patrick Cathedral.Christ Church is officially claimed as the seat (cathedra) of both the Church of Ireland and Roman Catholic archbishops of Dublin.In practice, it has been the cathedral of only the Church of Ireland Archbishop of Dublin, since the English Reformation.Though nominally claimed as his cathedral, the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Dublin uses St Mary in Marlborough Street in Dublin as his pro cathedral (acting cathedral). .....
Montreal City Hall
25. The five story Montreal City Hall (French Hotel de Ville de Montreal) is the work of architects Henri Maurice Perrault and Alexander Cowper Hutchison, and was built between 1872 and 1878 in the Second Empire style.It is located in Old Montreal, between Place Jacques Cartier and the Champ de Mars, at 275 Notre Dame Street East.The closest metro station is Champ de Mars.As one of the best examples of the Second Empire style in Canada, and the first city hall to have been constructed in the country solely for municipal administration, it was designated a National Historic Site in Canada in 1984. .....
Montreal Casino
26. The Montreal Casino (French Casino de Montreal) is a casino located on the ile Notre Dame in Montreal, Quebec, and is the largest casino in Canada.The casino is open twenty four hours a day, seven days a week to patrons aged 18 and older.It opened October 9, 1993.The casino consists of three interconnected buildings.Two of these, the French Pavilion and the Quebec Pavilion, were built for Expo 67.The third is an annex built by the casino.The main building has six floors, in addition to the annex and the secondary building (with four floors).Within the three structures there are over 3200 slot machines, over 115 gaming tables, Keno facilities, and large number of speed lotteries and virtual games.The casino also contains four restaurants, three bars, a cabaret, and meeting and banquet facilities.The casino is famous for its unconventional features, such as its numerous windows and low ceilings.It has been a non smoking casino since July 2003, and the former smoking lounges were closed in May 2006 with the passing of a new provincial law. .....
Ile Bizard
27. Ile Bizard is an island near the Island of Montreal in the Hochelaga Archipelago region.Bois de l ile Bizard Nature Park is a 201 hectare park which contains marsh lands and several kilometres of nature trails, accessible year round.There is also a small beach at Pointe aux Carrieres that faces the Lac des Deux Montagnes.The Royal Montreal Golf Club, the Golf Saint Raphael and Elm Ridge Country Club are located on the island.Land has been reserved on the island for the future extension of Autoroute 440 from Laval to connect with Autoroute 40 at Chemin Ste Marie.This will avoid having to drive on the Autoroute 40 to get to Autoroute 13 and Autoroute 15 and provide another beltway around the city in addition to Autoroute 30 on the South Shore.Many people who live on the island are against it, as ile Bizard is a calm and serene country environment and they feel like it would cause more traffic and pollution to the fresh air.However, the City of Montreal has purchased considerable amounts of land and protects them as natural parks, which include swamps, beaches, forest and other ecosystems these are open to the public. .....
The Fur Trade at Lachine National Historic Site
28. The Fur Trade at Lachine National Historic Site (Lieu historique national de la Commerce de la Fourrure a Lachine) is a historic building located in the borough of Lachine in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, at the western end of the Lachine Canal.It is a National Historic Site of Canada.Beginning in the 17th century, voyageurs would launch their canoes from this location to transport trade goods thousands of miles into the interior of North America lands.At that time the Lachine Rapids prevented large ships from going any further west along the Saint Lawrence River.A stone warehouse was erected in 1803 to store the furs gathered as a result of fur trade.It is now a Parks Canada museum dedicated to the history of this strategic location as a departure and arrival point for fur trading expeditions.The site is separate from Lachine Canal National Historic Site, with which it is inextricably connected.Montreal was the start of nearly all westward canoe routes.See Canadian canoe routes (early).Here furs were transferred from canoe to ship and trade goods from ship to canoe.A natural transfer point was the west end of Montreal Island since goods could be carted over a nine mile road around the Lachine Rapids.Canoes usually left in May and returned in August.The Northwest Company built a stone warehouse here in 1803.It was used until 1859 when it was sold to the Sisters of Sainte Anne who used it as an employee residence.The Lachine Canal was built around the rapids in 1825.Sir George Simpson (administrator) had a mansion across the canal from the warehouse which was torn down in 1880.Parks Canada acquired the warehouse in 1977 and in 1985 opened a museum. .....
La Fontaine Park
29. La Fontaine Park (French Parc La Fontaine) is a 34 ha (84 acres) urban park located in the borough of Le Plateau Mont Royal in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.Named in honour of Louis Hippolyte Lafontaine, features include two linked ponds with a fountain and waterfalls the Theatre de Verdure open air venue the Calixa Lavallee cultural centre, a monument to Adam Dollard des Ormeaux, as well as playing fields and tennis courts.Outdoor swimming pools are a popular attraction during Montreal hot summer, followed by outdoor ice skating in winter.A children zoo ceased operations in 1989.Bike paths run along the park western and northern edges. Parc Lafontaine is surrounded by Sherbrooke Street on the South, Parc La Fontaine Avenue on the West, Rachel Street on the North, and Papineau avenue on the East. .....
1250 ReneLevesque
30. 1250 ReneLevesque, also known as the IBM Marathon Tower, is a 226 m (741 ft), 47 story skyscraper in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.The building was designed by Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates for IBM Canada and Marathon Realty, hence the former name IBM Marathon.It is now named for its address at 1250 ReneLevesque Boulevard West, in the Ville Marie borough of Downtown Montreal.It is adjacent to the Bell Centre and Windsor Station to the south, and stands on the site of the former American Presbyterian Church.It is connected to the Bonaventure metro station and the underground city network.1250 is currently owned and managed by global real estate investor, developer and owner Oxford Properties and is still partially occupied by IBM. .....
Habitat 67
31. Habitat 67, or simply Habitat, is a model community and housing complex in Montreal, Canada, designed by Israeli Canadian architect Moshe Safdie.It was originally conceived as his master thesis in architecture at McGill University and then built as a pavilion for Expo 67, the World Fair held from April to October 1967.It is located at 2600 Avenue Pierre Dupuy on the Marc Drouin Quay next to the Saint Lawrence River.Habitat 67 is widely considered an architectural landmark and one of the most recognizable and significant buildings in both Montreal and Canada. .....
Sun Life Building
32. The Sun Life Building is an historic 122 m (400 ft), 24 storey office building at 1155 Metcalfe Street on Dorchester Square in downtown Montreal, Canada.The building was completed in 1931 after three stages of construction.It was built exclusively for the Sun Life Insurance Company.Although the then new head office of the Royal Bank of Canada at 360 Saint Jacques Street in Montreal was taller by several floors, the Sun Life Building was at the time the largest building in square footage anywhere in the British Empire.The Sun Life Building went through three different stages of construction, the first one starting as early as 1913, but it was not until 1931 that its main 24 storey tower was erected, thus completing the project. .....
Tour de la Bourse
33. La Tour de la Bourse (English Stock Exchange Tower) is a 48 storey skyscraper in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.It is located at the intersection of Victoria Square and Saint Jacques Street in the International Quarter.It is connected by the underground city to the Square Victoria OACI Metro Station.When completed in 1964, the tower was the tallest building in Canada, a title it held until surpassed by the Toronto Dominion Centre in 1967.It is currently the third tallest in Montreal and the twenty fifth tallest building in the country.The Tour de la Bourse was designed by Luigi Moretti and Pier Luigi Nervi and is considered to be of the International Style. .....
Mount Royal Chalet
34. Mount Royal Chalet (French Chalet du Mont Royal) is a building located near the summit of Mount Royal in Montreal,Quebec,Canada.The chalet was constructed in 1932 under the mayoralty of Camillien Houde as a make work project during the Great Depression.The French Beaux Arts structure was designed by Montreal architect Aristide Beaugrand Champagne (1876 1950).The building can host various events with room for 300 to 700 patrons.The southside of the building is a bricked courtyard and lookout with a view of Montreal skyline from Mont Royal. .....
Mount Royal Cross
35. The Mount Royal Cross is a monument on top of Mount Royal in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.It stands at the northeastern peak of the mountain and overlooks the eastern part of the island.Next to the cross, a plaque marks the emplacement of a time capsule buried in 1992, during Montreal 350th birthday celebration.It contains messages and drawings from 12,000 children, depicting their visions for the city in the year 2142, when it is scheduled to be opened. .....
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