Melbourne

Melbourne
1. The City of Melbourne is a local government area in Victoria, Australia, located in the central city area of Melbourne.The city has an area of 36 square kilometres (14 sq mi) and had a population of 93,625 people at the 2011 Census.The city motto is Vires acquirit eundo which means She gathers strength as she goes.Melbourne City Council is composed of eleven Councillors, including the Lord Mayor and Deputy Lord Mayor, for a fixed four year term of office.Both the Lord Mayor and Deputy Lord Mayor are directly elected, while the nine other Councillors are elected proportionally as a single ward.Voting entity eligibility includes various classes of business interests, in addition to residents. .....
Melbourne City Centre
2. Melbourne City Centre (sometimes referred to as Central City, and colloquially known as simply The City) is an area of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.It is the area in which Melbourne was established in 1835, by founders John Batman and John Pascoe Fawkner, and its boundaries are defined by the Government of Victoria Melbourne Planning Scheme.Today it comprises the two oldest areas of Melbourne the Hoddle Grid and Queen Victoria Market, as well as sections of the redeveloped areas of Docklands and Southbank or Wharf.It is not to be confused with the larger local government area of the City of Melbourne. .....
Eureka Tower
3. Eureka Tower is a 297.3 metre (975 ft) skyscraper located in the Southbank precinct of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.Construction began in August 2002 and the exterior completed on 1 June 2006.The plaza was finished in June 2006 and the building was officially opened on 11 October 2006.The project was designed by Melbourne architectural firm Fender Katsalidis Architects and was built by Grocon (Grollo Australia).The developer of the tower was Eureka Tower Pty Ltd, a joint venture consisting of Daniel Grollo (Grocon), investor Tab Fried and one of the Tower architects Nonda Katsalidis.It was the world tallest residential tower when measured to its highest floor, until surpassed by Ocean Heights and the HHHR Tower in Dubai.As of December 2013 it is the 14th tallest residential building in the world.It is currently the 98th tallest building in the world. .....
Royal Botanic Gardens
4. The Royal Botanic Gardens Melbourne are internationally renowned botanical gardens located near the centre of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, on the south bank of the Yarra River.They are 38 hectares of landscaped gardens consisting of a mix of native and exotic vegetation including over 10,000 individual species.The Royal Botanic Gardens have a second division in the outer Melbourne suburb of Cranbourne, some 45 km south east of the city.The Royal Botanic Gardens Melbourne are adjacent to a larger group of parklands directly south east of the city, between St.Kilda Road and the Yarra River known as the Domain Parklands. .....
National Gallery of Victoria
5. The National Gallery of Victoria, popularly known as the NGV, is an art museum in Melbourne.Founded in 1861, it is the oldest public art museum in Australia.The NGV operates across two sites NGV International, located on St Kilda Road in the heart of the Melbourne Arts Precinct of Southbank, and The Ian Potter Centre NGV Australia, located nearby at Federation Square.The St Kilda Road building, designed by Sir Roy Grounds, opened in 1968, and was renovated by Mario Bellini and reopened in 2003.The Ian Potter Centre NGV Australia was designed by LAB Architecture Studio and opened in 2002. .....
Melbourne Cricket Ground
6. The Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG) is an Australian sports stadium located in Yarra Park, Melbourne, Victoria, and is home to the Melbourne Cricket Club. It is the 11th largest stadium in the world, the largest in Australia, the largest in the Southern Hemisphere, the largest stadium for playing cricket, and has the highest light towers at any sporting venue.The MCG is within walking distance of the city centre and is served by the Richmond railway station, Richmond, and the Jolimont railway station, East Melbourne.It is part of the Melbourne Sports and Entertainment Precinct. .....
Yarra Valley
7. The Yarra Valley is the name given to the region surrounding the Yarra River in Victoria, Australia.The river originates approximately 90 kilometres east of the Melbourne central business district and flows towards it and out into Port Phillip Bay.The name Yarra Valley is usually used in reference to the upper regions surrounding the Yarra River and generally does not encompass the lower regions including the city and suburban areas, where the topography flattens out, or the upper reaches which are in inaccessible bushland.Included in the Yarra Valley is the sub region of Upper Yarra (or the Upper Yarra Valley) which encompasses the towns of the former Shire of Upper Yarra in the catchment area upstream of and including Woori Yallock.The Yarra Valley is a popular day trip and tourist area, featuring a range of natural features and agricultural produce, as well as the Lilydale to Warburton Rail Trail. .....
Old Melbourne Gaol
8. The Old Melbourne Gaol is a museum and former prison located in Russell Street, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.It consists of a bluestone building and courtyard, and is located next to the old City Police Watch House and City Courts buildings.It was first constructed starting in 1839, and during its operation as a prison between 1842 and 1929, it held and executed some of Australia most notorious criminals, including bushranger Ned Kelly and serial killer Frederick Bailey Deeming.In total, 133 people were executed by hanging.Though it was used briefly during World War II, it formally ceased operating as a prison in 1924 with parts of the gaol being incorporated into the RMIT University, and the rest becoming a museum. .....
Sea Life Melbourne Aquarium
9. Sea Life Melbourne Aquarium is a Southern Ocean and Antarctic aquarium in central Melbourne, Australia.It is located on the banks of the Yarra River beside and under the Flinders Street Viaduct and the King Street Bridge.The attraction is a Sea Life Centre owned by Merlin Entertainments. .....
Queen Victoria Market
10. The Queen Victoria Market (also known as the Queen Vic Markets or the Queen Vic, and locally as Vic Market) is a major landmark in Melbourne, Australia, and at around seven hectares (17 acres) is the largest open air market in the Southern Hemisphere.The Market is significant to Melbourne culture and heritage and has been listed on the Victorian Heritage Register.The Market is named after Queen Victoria who ruled the British Empire, from 1837 to 1901.The Queen Victoria Market is the only surviving 19th century market in the Melbourne central business district.There were once three major markets in the Melbourne CBD, but two of them, the Eastern Market and Western Market, both opened before the Queen Victoria, closed in the 1960s.It also forms part of an important collection of surviving Victorian markets which includes the inner suburban Prahran Market and South Melbourne Market. .....
Melbourne Zoo
11. The Royal Melbourne Zoological Gardens, commonly known as the Melbourne Zoo, contains more than 320 animal species from Australia and around the world.The zoo is 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) north of the centre of Melbourne.It is accessible via Royal Park station on the Upfield railway line, and is also accessible via tram routes 55 and 19, as well as by bicycle on the Capital City Trail.Bicycles are not allowed inside the zoo itself.The Royal Melbourne Zoological Gardens is a full institutional member of the Zoo and Aquarium Association (ZAA) and the World Association of Zoos and Aquariums (WAZA). .....
Dandenong Ranges
12. The Dandenong Ranges (commonly just the Dandenongs) are a set of low mountain ranges, rising to 633 metres at Mount Dandenong, approximately 35 km east of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.The ranges consist mostly of rolling hills, steeply weathered valleys and gullies covered in thick temperate rainforest, predominantly of tall Mountain Ash trees and dense ferny undergrowth.After European settlement in the region, the range was used as a main source of timber for Melbourne.The ranges were popular with day trippers from the 1870s onwards.Much of the Dandenongs were protected by parklands as early as 1882 and by 1987 these parklands were amalgamated to form the Dandenong Ranges National Park, which was added to again in 1997.The range experiences light to moderate snow falls a few times most years, frequently between late winter and late spring. .....
Shrine of Remembrance
13. The Shrine of Remembrance, located in Kings Domain on St Kilda Road, Melbourne, Australia was built as a memorial to the men and women of Victoria who served in World War I and is now a memorial to all Australians who have served in war.It is a site of annual observances of ANZAC Day (25 April) and Remembrance Day (11 November) and is one of the largest war memorials in Australia.Designed by architects Phillip Hudson and James Wardrop who were both World War I veterans, the Shrine is in a classical style, being based on the Tomb of Mausolus at Halicarnassus and the Parthenon in Athens. Built from Tynong granite, the Shrine originally consisted only of the central sanctuary surrounded by the ambulatory.The sanctuary contains the marble Stone of Remembrance, upon which is engraved the words Greater love hath no man.Once a year, on 11 November at 11 a.m.(Remembrance Day), a ray of sunlight shines through an aperture in the roof to light up the word Love in the inscription. Beneath the sanctuary lies the crypt, which contains a bronze statue of a soldier father and son, and panels listing every unit of the Australian Imperial Force. .....
Flinders Street railway station
14. Flinders Street railway station is a railway station on the corner of Flinders and Swanston Streets in Melbourne, Australia.It serves the entire metropolitan rail network.Backing onto the city reach of the Yarra River in the heart of the city, the complex covers two whole city blocks and extends from Swanston Street to Queen Street.Flinders Street is served by Metro suburban services, and V or Line regional services to Gippsland.It is the busiest station on Melbourne metropolitan network, with some 92.6 million passenger movements recorded in 2011 or 12.It was the first railway station in an Australian city and the world busiest passenger station in the late 1920s. .....
National Sports Museum
15. The National Sports Museum is a museum dedicated to Australian sport and is located within the Melbourne Cricket Ground in Melbourne, Australia.There are exhibits for sports such as Australian rules football, cricket, the Summer and Winter Olympic Games, tennis, rugby league, rugby union, soccer, basketball, boxing and netball.The Australian Sports Hall of Fame is also located within the museum along with the Australian Racing Museum and the Melbourne Cricket Club museum.The adjoining MCC Museum features exhibitions relating to the history of the Melbourne Cricket Club.On 6 October 2010, the Australian Racing Museum was absorbed into the National Sports Museum, which has now resulted in Horse Racing standing alongside other prominent Australian sports. .....
Crown Casino and Entertainment Complex
16. Crown Casino and Entertainment Complex is a large casino and entertainment precinct located on the south bank of the Yarra River, in Melbourne, Australia.Crown Casino is a unit of Crown Limited.Crown casino complex opened in 1997, after moving from a temporary location that opened in 1994 and was on north bank of the Yarra.It is one of the central features of the Southbank area in the central business district and the Crown Promenade fronts onto the waterfront as part of Southbank Promenade.Children under 18 are permitted into the entertainment and shopping section of complex, but not into the gaming area or areas serving alcohol.The entire complex has a space of 510,000 m2 which is equivalent to two city blocks, making it the largest casino complex in the Southern Hemisphere and one of the largest in the world. .....
St Paul Cathedral
17. St Paul Cathedral in Melbourne is the metropolitical and cathedral church of the Anglican Diocese of Melbourne, Victoria in Australia.It is the seat of the Anglican Archbishop of Melbourne and Metropolitan of the Province of Victoria.The cathedral, which was built in stages, is a major Melbourne landmark. .....
Healesville Sanctuary
18. Healesville Sanctuary, or the Sir Colin MacKenzie Fauna Park, is a zoo specializing in native Australian animals.It is located at Healesville in rural Victoria, Australia, and has a history of breeding native animals.It is one of only two places to have successfully bred a platypus, the other being Sydney Taronga Zoo.It also assists with a breeding population of the endangered Helmeted Honeyeater.The zoo is set in a natural bushland environment where paths wind through different habitat areas showcasing wallabies, wombats, dingoes, kangaroos, and over 200 native bird varieties.Conducted tours, bird shows and information areas are available to visitors. .....
Werribee Open Range Zoo
19. Visitors to the zoo can take a bus tour which normally lasts 45 minutes and takes up to 70 people.The tour includes animals such as the hippo as well as animals of the grassland, such as zebra, waterbuck, giraffe, ostrich and rhinoceros, as well as the camel and the oryx.Adults are kept open range although young are often not released until they have bonded with their mother.The zoo has a simulated African village, with educational and entertaining features, including a mock scenario of an African ranger and his adventures tracking lions, and an interactive soundscape walk with simulated lion sounds surrounding the walker.There are two independent trails that visitors may follow the Pula Reserve Walking Trail which focuses on African animals, including lions, Vervet Monkeys, Cheetahs and meerkats, and the Australian Journey Walk which focuses on Australian animals, like the wallaby and kangaroo.The section of the Australian Journey which contains the animals is under construction as of April 2014.There is a Learning Centre which teaches more about the history and geography of animals in their environments.Visitors can also book various pecialty tours, including the open vehicle adventure or a close encounters with lions, rhinos or giraffe. .....
Puffing Billy Railway
20. The Puffing Billy Railway is a 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) narrow gauge heritage railway in the Dandenong Ranges near Melbourne, Australia.The primary starting point, operations and administration centre, main refreshment room (also selling souvenirs) and ticket purchasing are located at Belgrave station.Journeys may also be commenced at out stations of which some have limited facilities for the purchase of tickets, refreshments and souvenirs.Tickets usually may also be purchased from the conductor aboard the train. .....
Australian Centre for the Moving Image
21. The Australian Centre for the Moving Image (ACMI) is dedicated to the moving image in all forms.It is located in Federation Square, in Melbourne, Australia, across four levels of the Alfred Deakin Building.ACMI is a state of the art facility purpose built for the preservation, exhibition and promotion of Victorian, Australian and International screen content. .....
State Library of Victoria
22. The State Library of Victoria is the central library of the state of Victoria, Australia, located in Melbourne.It is on the block bounded by Swanston, La Trobe, Russell, and Little Lonsdale streets, in the northern centre of the central business district.The library holds over 2 million books and 16,000 serials, including the diaries of the city founders, John Batman and John Pascoe Fawkner, and the folios of Captain James Cook, R.N..It also houses the original armour of Ned Kelly. .....
Royal Exhibition Building
23. The Royal Exhibition Building is a World Heritage Site listed building in Melbourne, Australia, completed in 1880.It is located at 9 Nicholson Street in the Carlton Gardens, flanked by Victoria, Nicholson, Carlton and Rathdowne Streets, at the north eastern edge of the central business district.It was built to host the Melbourne International Exhibition in 1880 1881 and later hosted the opening of the first Parliament of Australia in 1901.Throughout the 20th century smaller sections and wings of the building were subject to demolition and fire however, the main building, known as the Great Hall, survived. .....
Rod Laver Arena
24. Rod Laver Arena is a stadium that is part of the National Tennis Centre at Melbourne Park located in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, and has been the main venue for the Australian Open in tennis since 1988, replacing the ageing Kooyong Stadium.Originally called Centre Court, the arena name officially changed in January 2000 to honour Rod Laver, a three time winner of the Australian Open and one of world greatest tennis players.The arena was finished in 1988 with a seating capacity of 15,000.The venue currently attracts over 1.5 million visitors per year. .....
Scienceworks
25. Scienceworks is a world renowned science museum in Melbourne, Australia.It is a venue of Museum Victoria which administers the cultural and scientific collections of the State of Victoria. It is located in the suburb of Spotswood.Opening on 28 March 1992, Scienceworks is housed in a purpose built building styled along industrial lines near the historic Spotswood Pumping Station, constructed in 1897, whose steam engines form an associated exhibit.Displays and activities offered by the museum include hands on experiments, demonstrations, and tours.The lightning room is a 120 seat auditorium that presents demonstrations about electricity, featuring a giant Tesla Coil, capable of generating two million volts of electricity, producing three metre lightning bolts.Melbourne Planetarium is housed on site. .....
Docklands Stadium
26. Docklands Stadium (also known by its former sponsored names of Colonial Stadium and Telstra Dome, and its current sponsorship name of Etihad Stadium) is a multi purpose sports and entertainment stadium in the Docklands precinct of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.Construction started in October 1997 under the working name, Victoria Stadium, and was completed in 2000 at a cost of A doller 460 million.Originally built as a replacement for Waverley Park, the stadium is primarily used for Australian rules football and is the headquarters of the Australian Football League (AFL) which, as part of the construction deal, assumes ownership of the ground in 2025.Also headquartered at the stadium is Seven Network digital broadcast centre. .....
Birrarung Marr
27. Birrarung Marr is an inner city park between the central business district in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia and the Yarra River.It was opened in 2002.The name means river of mists and river bank in the Woiwurrung language of the Wurundjeri people, the Indigenous inhabitants at the time of European settlement of the Melbourne area. .....
Colonial Tramcar Restaurant
28. The Colonial Tramcar Restaurant is a restaurant which operates from a converted fleet of three vintage trams in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.The Colonial Tramcar Restaurant Company Limited was formed in 1981 to operate restaurant trams, with 1927 W2 class tram number 442 acquired for conversion after 55 years of MMTB service. Work commenced in 1982 at the Preston Workshops, with the drop centre floor raised to give a level floor throughout, and a single entry door provided on one side of the tram.Two saloons were provided either side of a central kitchen and washroom, one saloon seating 12 while the other seats 24 patrons. .....
Jewish Holocaust Museum and Research Centre
29. The Jewish Holocaust Museum and Research Centre (JHC) was founded in Elsternwick, Melbourne, Australia, in 1984 by Holocaust Survivors.Its mission is to commemorate the six million Jews murdered by the Nazis between 1933 and 1945.The research centre was founded without significant public or private funds and thus has always had to rely on the help of Holocaust Survivors, their relatives and other volunteers.It is thanks to their work that the JHC has become one of the most important Australian research centers in its field.The purpose of the museum is to fight racism and to encourage mutual tolerance within the community.It attempts to reach these goals by providing information about the Holocaust.The main focus lies on the younger generation, and some 16,000 students visit the museum every year. .....
Old Treasury Building
30. The Old Treasury Building on Spring Street in Melbourne, was once home to the Treasury Department of the Government of Victoria, but is now a museum of Melbourne history, known as the Old Treasury Building.The Old Treasury Building, previously housed City Museum and reopened in 2009 as a not for profit organisation with the permanent exhibition Victorian Archival Treasures and Built on Gold.The museum permanent exhibition, Victorian Archival Treasures, presents a rich narrative of Victoria history from the 1830s, highlighted by key documents and artifacts from Public Record Office Victoria (PROV).These documents and artifacts once held in the Old Treasury Building gold vaults explore themes of Indigenous Victorians and first white settlement in 1835, Ned Kelly and Criminals, Victorian Democracy, Victorians at Work and the Gold Rush. .....
Moonlit Sanctuary Wildlife Conservation Park
31. Moonlit Sanctuary Wildlife Conservation Park is a 25 acre (10 ha) biopark within the Pearcedale Conservation Park located at Pearcedale on the Mornington Peninsula near Melbourne Australia.It aims to display the fauna that was found in the Mornington Peninsula and Western Port Biosphere Reserve prior to European settlement.The park is open all year except on Christmas Day.The sanctuary, as part of Pearcedale Conservation Park, is an institutional member of the Zoo and Aquarium Association (ZAA).It is ECO Certified at the Ecotourism level by Ecotourism Australia. .....
Australian Centre for Contemporary Art
32. The Australian Centre For Contemporary Art (ACCA) is a contemporary art gallery in Melbourne, Australia.The gallery is located on Sturt Street in the Melbourne Arts Precinct, in the inner suburb of Southbank.Designed by Wood Marsh Architects, the building was completed in 2002.The project incorporates Chunky Move, ACCA and the Playbox Theatre Company. .....
Parliament House
33. Parliament House in Melbourne, located at Spring Street in East Melbourne at the edge of the Melbourne city centre, has been the seat of the Parliament of Victoria, Australia, since 1855 (except for the years 1901 to 1927, when it was the seat of the Federal Parliament of Australia).Hoddle selected a site on the eastern hill at the top of Bourke Street, which at that time, when few buildings were more than two storeys high, commanded a view of the whole city.A competition was held for a design for the building, and John Knight design won the first prize of 500, but was not used.The government architect, Charles Pasley, subsequently came up with a design of his own.Subsequent observers have suggested that he borrowed heavily from Leeds Town Hall, which even today is widely considered to be among the finest civic buildings in the world. .....
Melbourne GPO
34. Melbourne GPO is a shopping arcade situated inside the former Victorian era Melbourne General Post Office (GPO) building located on the corner of Elizabeth and Bourke Street in the centre of Melbourne Central Business District. It is currently listed on Australia Victorian Heritage Register.The former purpose built post office building was redeveloped for retail by adaptive reuse in 2004.The current Melbourne General Post Office is no longer in this building but a short distance away at the corner of Lonsdale and Elizabeth Sts.The architectural style of the building is Classical with French Second Empire influences and was designed in the Victorian period by architect A.E.Johnson. .....
Polly Woodside
35. Polly Woodside is a Belfast built, three masted, iron hulled barque, preserved in Melbourne, Australia, and forming the central feature of the South Wharf precinct.The ship was originally built in Belfast by William J.Woodside and was launched in 1885.Polly Woodside is typical of thousands of smaller iron barques built in the last days of sail, intended for deep water trade around the world and designed to be operated as economically as possible. .....
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