. Delhi is a city that bridges two different worlds. Old Delhi, once the capital of Islamic India, is a labyrinth of narrow lanes lined with crumbling havelis and formidable mosques. In contrast, the imperial city of New Delhi created by the British Raj is composed of spacious, tree-lined avenues and imposing government buildings. Delhi has been the seat of power for several rulers and many empires for about a millennium. Many a times the city was built, destroyed and then rebuilt here. Interestingly, a number of Delhi's rulers played a dual role, first as destroyers and then as creators.In Delhi, you will discover that the city is sprinkled with dazzling gems: captivating ancient monuments, fascinating museums and art galleries, architectural wonders, a vivacious performing-arts scene, fabulous eating places and bustling markets.Delhi is the cpital and the political hub of India as well.
. India Gate is a stone monument dedicated to the memory of the Indian soldiers who fought and died in the First World War It ranks as one of the primary places of interest in Delhi. The Indian soldiers were part of the British army and represented the military might of the British Empire at the height of its powers. India Gate was designed by Edward Lutyens and took 10 years to complete. The structure of India Gate is a triumphal arch, which is 42 meters high.Amar Jawan Jyoti is a burning shrine underneath the arch of the famous India Gate. The flame honors the immortal warriors of India. The shrine is a monument made out of black marble. A rifle is positioned on the barrel, tufted by a helmet of a soldier. The words Amar Jawan is inscribed in gold in each of the faces of the monument.
. The Rashtrapati Bhawan is a renowned monument in Delhi. It is said to be the palace of the then Viceroy of India. At present, the Rashtrapati Bhawan is house of the President of India. The building was designed by Edwin Lutyens. The construction began in 1911 and it took 19 years to finish its construction. There is a wonderful Mughal garden towards the west of Rashtrapati Bhawan. It opens up to public every spring. Tours to Rashtrapati Bhawan and Mughal Gardens are available with a nominal registration fee of Rs.25. Visitors in a group of 30 and more shall be offered discounted rates and children below 12 years will not be charged any fee.
. This red sandstone fort extends 2 km wide and differs in height from 18 meter on the river side to 33 meter on the city side. The fort was constructed by Shah Jahan in 1638 and was completed in 1648. Inside there are buildings, including the Hall of Public Audiences, the Drum House, the white marble all of Private Audiences, the Pearl Mosque, Palace of Color and the Royal Baths.Decorated with Persian, European and Indian art forms the fort is one of the brilliant pieces of architecture.
Gurudwara Bangla Sahib
. Gurudwara Bangla Sahib in New Delhi is worth a view at the occasion of all the gurupurabs and Guru Nanak Jayanti is no exception. The gurudwara is illuminated beautifully for the occasion and special kirtan programmes are held to culminate two day long Akhand Path. The entire atmosphere of the place is absolutely serene. If you happen to be in Delhi around the time, don't miss the opportunity to pay a visit to the place.
. Located on Sansad Marg in Connaught Place, this structure is one of Maharaja Jai Singh 2's observatories. This ruler from Jaipur constructed this observatory in 1725 and is dominated by a huge sundial known as the Prince of Dials. Other instruments in this observatory follow the course of heavenly bodies and predict eclipses. It was built in 1724 by Raja Jai Singh II of Jaipur in Delhi. Jantar Mantar of Delhi, is an astronomical observatory with masonry instruments. Jantar Mantar has instruments that can graph the path of the astronomical universe.
. Jama Masjid located in Old Delhi is one of the principal mosques of Delhi. One of the last architectural extravagances of Emperor Shahjahan this is one of the largest mosques in India and its courtyard can hold around 25000 people. Construction of this mosque began in 1644 and was completed in 1658 by 5000 artisans. The Jama Masjid has three great gateways and four angle towers and two minarets standing 40m high and is constructed of alternating strips of red sandstone and white marble.
. The Qutub Minar located in Delhi is the world's tallest brick minaret, standing at a height of 72.5 meters. Commissioned by Delhi's first Muslim ruler, Qutb-ud-din Aibak in 1193, Qutub Minar then had only a basement. Three more towers were added to the structure by his successor and son-in-law Shamsu'd-din Iltutmish. The Qutub Minar is known to be the earliest and most evident example of Indo-Islamic architecture and is surrounded by several other ancient structures collectively known as the Qutub Complex.
. The Bahai Temple or the Lotus Temple as it is popularly known because of its flower-like shape is located in the southern part of Delhi. Designed by Iranian-Canadian architect Fariburz Sahba in 1986 it has 27 immaculately white petals. This temple is a Bahai house of worship and is also among the popular tourist attractions in Delhi; winning many architecture awards and being featured in many magazines and newspapers. The best time to visit the Lotus Temple is between October to March as the weather is Delhi is very pleasant for sightseeing during these months of the year.
. India being the land of temples, finds its true reflection in Delhi. Akshardham is one of the most important religious sites in Delhi, which has claimed to fame for its piety and spirituality. One of the most important Delhi Monuments, it is also known for its architectural magnificence with its 234 pillars, 9 domes and 20 quadrangled shikhars-all displaying fine artistry and craftsmanship. Built on the lines of Sthaapatya shastra of India, the Akshardham in Delhi is the ideal example of a designers creativity and an engineers ingenuity.Built by carving 6000 tons of pink sand stone brought from Rajasthan, the craftsmanship lies in the temple's design, which has nothing to do with metals like steel and iron. The beauty of the temple is encaptured in the fine filigree on the walls and the pagoda, which display the sadhus and saints in various meditative postures.
. Raj Ghat in Delhi is the sacred sight where the Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi was cremated. Following the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi on 30th of January, 1948, his body was cremated in Raj Ghat the next day. Raj Ghat is located on the western bank of River Yamuna, and therefore was considered to be the best place for the creation of the memorial of Mahatma Gandhi.Raj Ghat can be described as a simple square shaped platform, with a black memorial stone, which has the words Hey Ram engraved in it. These were the last words that came out of the mouth of Gandhiji before he took his last breath. The Samadhi consist of a black marble platform, of the same size that of the brick platform in which Gandhiji was burnt. The Samadhi of Mahatma Gandhi has been surrounded by beautiful plants and trees that provide a peaceful ambience. It is also protected by high walls. Two museums, constructed in the nearby areas are dedicated to Mahatma Gandhi. The Samadhi of Jawaharlal Nehru was also constructed to the north of Raj Ghat in Shanti Van.
. Old Fort of Delhi is a fascinating building that survived the ravages of time. The Old Fort or the Purana Qila is also known as the 'Qila-i-kuhna masjid' built by Sher Shah Suri in 1541. Old Fort at Delhi is a perfect example of Lodi style of architecture in Delhi. The architecture of the Old Fort of Delhi is a fine blend of the Hindu elements together with the Muslim style of arches and domes. In short the style of architecture of the Old Fort can be considered as a secular architectural style.The mosque in the Delhi Old Fort has a tranquil environment. The prayer hall of the mosque is about 51.20 meters by 14.90 meters. There are five doorways and horseshoe-shaped arches in the mosques of the Old Fort of Delhi. The whole structure of the Delhi Old Fort was made up of red sandstone with contrast of marbles.The construction of the Old Fort in Delhi is said to have been started by Humayun, the Afghan ruler. But Sher Shah after defeating Humayun is said to have completed the structure. Thus the fort displays a sheer blend of Mughal, Hindu and Afghan architecture, creating an impressive sight. A shimmering lake near the Old Fort of Delhi allows boating facilities to the tourists.The Delhi Old Fort is very near to the India Gate and the Humayun's tomb in New Delhi.
. Once called the Lady Willingdon Park, the Lodhi Garden contains tombs of Mubarak Shah, Ibrahim Lodi and Sikander Lodi among its well kept lawns and trees. The garden is a favored spot for early morning fitness freaks and those seeking solitude.
. Located near Mathura road, this magnificent garden tomb is a fine example of Mughal structural design in India. It was built in 1565 by his widow Hamida Banu Begam, after the death of Humayun. Inside the enclosure is the garden squares with pathways and water channels.
. It is the last enclosed garden tomb in Delhi with tradition to the Humayun's Tomb. Built in 1754, the tomb of Safdarjung is less grand in scale and size. It has a number of smaller pavilions like Jangli Mahal, Moti Mahal, Badshah Pasand and Madarsa.
. Built in 1938 by the Industrialist G.D. Birla, it is one of the major temples in Delhi and is located near Connought Place. The temple is dedicated to Goddess Laxmi and her consort Narayana. The temple was inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi on the stipulation that people of all castes shall be allowed to enter the temple.
. It provides an ambience of a traditional market, but one fitting the more modern needs. One can see a mixture of crafts, food and cultural activity. It's a place where Indian culture and ethnic cuisine come together, a unique bazaar that exhibits the affluence of Indian culture.
. Popularly called as the Hare Krishna temple, it's a famous temple with idols of Sri Sri Radha Krishna. Located in South Delhi, the temple is mainly built with red stone is acknowledged for its distinctive architecture that blends the traditional Vedic style with modern style.
. It is one of the oldest and busiest markets in Delhi and Asia's largest wholesale market. Created by Shah Jahan, the market stretches in the old city from the Red Fort to Jama Masjid.
. The place derived its name from the Duke of Connaught. It was designed as a centerpiece of Lutyen's Delhi, a place in Delhi which has been named after Edwin Lutyens, a famous architect from Great Britain. The name of the place was changed to Rajiv Chowk in memoriam of late Shri Rajiv Gandhi, former prime minister of the country. In December 2006, the place observed its 75th anniversary.One of the biggest commercial areas in Delhi, Connaught Place has lots of variety of shops, businesses, restaurants and emporiums for every taste and budget.